The Enzyme Database

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EC 1.1.99.42     
Accepted name: 4-pyridoxic acid dehydrogenase
Reaction: 4-pyridoxate + acceptor = 5-formyl-3-hydroxy-2-methylpyridine-4-carboxylate + reduced acceptor
For diagram of pyridoxal catabolism, click here
Glossary: 4-pyridoxate = 3-hydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpyridine-4-carboxylate
dichloroindophenol = DCPIP = 2,6-dichloro-4-[(4-hydroxyphenyl)imino]cyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-one
Other name(s): mlr6792 (locus name)
Systematic name: 4-pyridoxate:acceptor 5-oxidoreductase
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the bacteria Pseudomonas sp. MA-1 and Mesorhizobium loti, participates in the degradation of pyridoxine (vitamin B6). It is membrane bound and contains FAD. The enzyme has been assayed in vitro in the presence of the artificial electron acceptor dichloroindophenol (DCPIP).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Yagi, T., Kishore, G.M. and Snell, E.E. The bacterial oxidation of vitamin B6. 4-Pyridoxic acid dehydrogenase: a membrane-bound enzyme from Pseudomonas MA-1. J. Biol. Chem 258 (1983) 9419–9425. [PMID: 6348042]
2.  Ge, F., Yokochi, N., Yoshikane, Y., Ohnishi, K. and Yagi, T. Gene identification and characterization of the pyridoxine degradative enzyme 4-pyridoxic acid dehydrogenase from the nitrogen-fixing symbiotic bacterium Mesorhizobium loti MAFF303099. J. Biochem. 143 (2008) 603–609. [DOI] [PMID: 18216065]
[EC 1.1.99.42 created 2018]
 
 


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