EC 1.14.14.151     
Accepted name: premnaspirodiene oxygenase
Reaction: (–)-vetispiradiene + 2 [reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + 2 O2 = solavetivone + 2 [oxidized NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + 3 H2O (overall reaction)
(1a) (–)-vetispiradiene + [reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + O2 = solavetivol + [oxidized NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + H2O
(1b) solavetivol + [reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + O2 = solavetivone + [oxidized NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + 2 H2O
Glossary: (–)-premnaspirodiene = (–)-vetispiradiene
Other name(s): HPO; Hyoscymus muticus premnaspirodiene oxygenase; CYP71D55
Systematic name: (–)-vetispiradiene,[reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase]:oxygen 2α-oxidoreductase
Comments: A cytochrome P-450 (heme-thiolate) protein. The enzyme from the plant Hyoscymus muticus also hydroxylates valencene at C-2 to give the α-hydroxy compound, nootkatol, and this is converted into nootkatone. 5-Epiaristolochene and epieremophilene are hydroxylated at C-2 to give a 2β-hydroxy derivatives that are not oxidized further.
References:
1.  Takahashi, S., Yeo, Y.S., Zhao, Y., O'Maille, P.E., Greenhagen, B.T., Noel, J.P., Coates, R.M. and Chappell, J. Functional characterization of premnaspirodiene oxygenase, a cytochrome P450 catalyzing regio- and stereo-specific hydroxylations of diverse sesquiterpene substrates. J. Biol. Chem. 282 (2007) 31744–31754. [PMID: 17715131]
[EC 1.14.14.151 created 2011 as EC 1.14.13.121, transferred 2018 to EC 1.14.14.151]
 
 


Data © 2001–2020 IUBMB
Web site © 2005–2020 Andrew McDonald