Accepted name: L-tyrosine isonitrile desaturase/decarboxylase
Reaction: (2S)-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-isocyanopropanoate + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = 4-[(E)-2-isocyanoethenyl]phenol + succinate + 2 CO2 + H2O
Glossary: (2S)-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-isocyanopropanoic acid = L-tyrosine isonitrile
rhabduscin = N-[(2S,3S,4R,5S,6R)-4,5-dihydroxy-6-{4-[(E)-2-isocyanoethenyl]phenoxy}-2-methyloxan-3-yl]acetamide
Other name(s): pvcB (gene name)
Systematic name: (2S)-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-isocyanopropanoate,2-oxoglutarate:oxygen oxidoreductase (decarboxylating)
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the bacterium Xenorhabdus nematophila, is involved in rhabduscin biosynthesis. The enzyme is a member of the Fe2+, 2-oxoglutarate-dependent oxygenases. It is similar to EC, L-tyrosine isonitrile desaturase. However, the latter does not catalyse a decarboxylation of the substrate.
1.  Crawford, J.M., Portmann, C., Zhang, X., Roeffaers, M.B. and Clardy, J. Small molecule perimeter defense in entomopathogenic bacteria. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109 (2012) 10821–10826. [PMID: 22711807]
2.  Zhu, J., Lippa, G.M., Gulick, A.M. and Tipton, P.A. Examining reaction specificity in PvcB, a source of diversity in isonitrile-containing natural products. Biochemistry 54 (2015) 2659–2669. [PMID: 25866990]
[EC created 2018]

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