||This enzyme, along with EC 22.214.171.124, [acyl-carrier-protein] S-acetyltransferase, is essential for the initiation of fatty-acid biosynthesis in bacteria. This enzyme also provides the malonyl groups for polyketide biosynthesis . The product of the reaction, malonyl-ACP, is an elongation substrate in fatty-acid biosynthesis. In Mycobacterium tuberculosis, holo-ACP (the product of EC 126.96.36.199, holo-[acyl-carrier-protein] synthase) is the preferred substrate . This enzyme also forms part of the multienzyme complexes EC 188.8.131.52, biotin-independent malonate decarboxylase and EC 184.108.40.206, biotin-dependent malonate decarboxylase. Malonylation of ACP is immediately followed by decarboxylation within the malonate-decarboxylase complex to yield acetyl-ACP, the catalytically active species of the decarboxylase . In the enzyme from Klebsiella pneumoniae, methylmalonyl-CoA can also act as a substrate but acetyl-CoA cannot  whereas the enzyme from Pseudomonas putida can use both as substrates . The ACP subunit found in fatty-acid biosynthesis contains a pantetheine-4′-phosphate prosthetic group; that from malonate decarboxylase also contains pantetheine-4′-phosphate but in the form of a 2′-(5-triphosphoribosyl)-3′-dephospho-CoA prosthetic group.
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