The Enzyme Database

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EC 1.1.1.419     
Accepted name: nepetalactol dehydrogenase
Reaction: (1) (+)-cis,cis-nepetalactol + NAD+ = (+)-cis,cis-nepetalactone + NADH + H+
(2) (+)-cis,trans-nepetalactol + NAD+ = (+)-cis,trans-nepetalactone + NADH + H+
Glossary: (+)-cis,cis-nepetalactol = (4aR,7S,7aS)-4,7-dimethyl-1,4a,5,6,7,7a-hexahydrocyclopenta[c]pyran-1-ol
(+)-cis,trans-nepetalactol = (+)-iridodial lactol = (4aS,7S,7aR)-4,7-dimethyl-1,4a,5,6,7,7a-hexahydrocyclopenta[c]pyran-1-ol
Other name(s): NEPS1 (gene name)
Systematic name: nepetalactol:NAD+ 1-oxidoreductase
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the plant Nepeta mussinii, binds an NAD+ cofactor. It also catalyses the activity of EC 5.5.1.34, (+)-cis,trans-nepetalactol synthase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Lichman, B.R., Kamileen, M.O., Titchiner, G.R., Saalbach, G., Stevenson, C.EM., Lawson, D.M. and O'Connor, S.E. Uncoupled activation and cyclization in catmint reductive terpenoid biosynthesis. Nat. Chem. Biol. 15 (2019) 71–79. [PMID: 30531909]
2.  Lichman, B.R., O'Connor, S.E. and Kries, H. Biocatalytic strategies towards [4+2] cycloadditions. Chemistry 25 (2019) 6864–6877. [PMID: 30664302]
[EC 1.1.1.419 created 2019]
 
 
EC 1.14.14.161     
Accepted name: nepetalactol monooxygenase
Reaction: (+)-cis,trans-nepetalactol + 3 [reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + 3 O2 = 7-deoxyloganetate + 3 [oxidized NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + 4 H2O (overall reaction)
(1a) (+)-cis,trans-nepetalactol + [reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + O2 = 7-deoxyloganetic alcohol + [oxidized NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + H2O
(1b) 7-deoxyloganetic alcohol + [reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + O2 = iridotrial + [oxidized NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + 2 H2O
(1c) iridotrial + [reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + O2 = 7-deoxyloganetate + [oxidized NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + H2O
For diagram of gibberellin A12 biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: (+)-cis,trans-nepetalactol = (4aS,7S,7aR)-4,7-dimethyl-1,4a,5,6,7,7a-hexahydrocyclopenta[c]pyran-1-ol
7-deoxyloganetate = (1S,4aS,7S,7aR)-1-hydroxy-7-methyl-1,4a,5,6,7,7a-hexahydrocyclopenta[c]pyran-4-carboxylate
Other name(s): CYP76A26 (gene name); iridoid oxidase (misleading)
Systematic name: (+)-cis,trans-nepetalactol,[reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase]:oxygen oxidoreductase (hydroxylating)
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the plant Catharanthus roseus, is a cytochrome P-450 (heme thiolate) protein. It catalyses three successive reactions in the pathway leading to biosynthesis of monoterpenoid indole alkaloids.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Miettinen, K., Dong, L., Navrot, N., Schneider, T., Burlat, V., Pollier, J., Woittiez, L., van der Krol, S., Lugan, R., Ilc, T., Verpoorte, R., Oksman-Caldentey, K.M., Martinoia, E., Bouwmeester, H., Goossens, A., Memelink, J. and Werck-Reichhart, D. The seco-iridoid pathway from Catharanthus roseus. Nat. Commun. 5:3606 (2014). [PMID: 24710322]
[EC 1.14.14.161 created 2018]
 
 
EC 5.5.1.34     
Accepted name: (+)-cis,trans-nepetalactol synthase
Reaction: (S)-8-oxocitronellyl enol = (+)-cis,trans-nepetalactol
Glossary: (S)-8-oxocitronellyl enol = (2E,6S,7E)-8-hydroxy-2,6-dimethylocta-2,7-dienal
(+)-cis,trans-nepetalactol = (+)-iridodial lactol = (4aS,7S,7aR)-4,7-dimethyl-1,4a,5,6,7,7a-hexahydrocyclopenta[c]pyran-1-ol
Other name(s): NEPS1 (gene name); NEPS2 (gene name)
Systematic name: (S)-8-oxocitronellyl enol cyclase [(+)-cis,trans-nepetalactol-forming]
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the plant Nepeta mussinii, binds an NAD+ cofactor. The product is a precursor of (+)-cis,trans-nepetalactone, the primary ingredient responsible for the psychoactive effects catnip has on cats.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Lichman, B.R., Kamileen, M.O., Titchiner, G.R., Saalbach, G., Stevenson, C.EM., Lawson, D.M. and O'Connor, S.E. Uncoupled activation and cyclization in catmint reductive terpenoid biosynthesis. Nat. Chem. Biol. 15 (2019) 71–79. [PMID: 30531909]
2.  Lichman, B.R., O'Connor, S.E. and Kries, H. Biocatalytic strategies towards [4+2] cycloadditions. Chemistry 25 (2019) 6864–6877. [PMID: 30664302]
[EC 5.5.1.34 created 2019]
 
 


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