The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.8.3.22     
Accepted name: succinyl-CoA—L-malate CoA-transferase
Reaction: (1) succinyl-CoA + (S)-malate = succinate + (S)-malyl-CoA
(2) succinyl-CoA + (S)-citramalate = succinate + (S)-citramalyl-CoA
For diagram of the 3-hydroxypropanoate cycle, click here
Glossary: (S)-citramalate = (2S)-2-hydroxy-2-methylbutanedioate
(S)-malate = (2S)-2-hydroxybutanedioate
(S)-malyl-CoA = (3S)-3-carboxy-3-hydroxypropanoyl-CoA
Other name(s): SmtAB
Systematic name: succinyl-CoA:(S)-malate CoA-transferase
Comments: The enzyme, purified from the bacterium Chloroflexus aurantiacus, can also accept itaconate as acceptor, with lower efficiency. It is part of the 3-hydroxypropanoate cycle for carbon assimilation.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Friedmann, S., Steindorf, A., Alber, B.E. and Fuchs, G. Properties of succinyl-coenzyme A:L-malate coenzyme A transferase and its role in the autotrophic 3-hydroxypropionate cycle of Chloroflexus aurantiacus. J. Bacteriol. 188 (2006) 2646–2655. [DOI] [PMID: 16547052]
[EC 2.8.3.22 created 2014]
 
 
EC 4.1.3.22     
Accepted name: citramalate lyase
Reaction: (2S)-2-hydroxy-2-methylbutanedioate = acetate + pyruvate
For diagram of reaction, click here
Glossary: (+)-citramalate = (2S)-2-hydroxy-2-methylbutanedioate
Other name(s): citramalate pyruvate-lyase; citramalate synthase; citramalic-condensing enzyme; citramalate synthetase; citramalic synthase; (S)-citramalate lyase; (+)-citramalate pyruvate-lyase; citramalate pyruvate lyase; (3S)-citramalate pyruvate-lyase; (2S)-2-hydroxy-2-methylbutanedioate pyruvate-lyase
Systematic name: (2S)-2-hydroxy-2-methylbutanedioate pyruvate-lyase (acetate-forming)
Comments: The enzyme can be dissociated into components, two of which are identical with EC 2.8.3.11 (citramalate CoA-transferase) and EC 4.1.3.25 (citramalyl-CoA lyase).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, GTD, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9027-93-4
References:
1.  Barker, H.A. Citramalate lyase of Clostridium tetanomorphum. Arch. Mikrobiol. 59 (1967) 4–12. [PMID: 4301387]
2.  Dimroth, P., Buckel, W., Loyal, R. and Eggerer, H. Isolation and function of the subunits of citramalate lyase and formation of hybrids with the subunits of citrate lyase. Eur. J. Biochem. 80 (1977) 469–477. [DOI] [PMID: 923590]
[EC 4.1.3.22 created 1972]
 
 


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