The Enzyme Database

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EC 3.1.3.4     
Accepted name: phosphatidate phosphatase
Reaction: a 1,2-diacylglycerol 3-phosphate + H2O = a 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol + phosphate
Glossary: a 1,2-diacylglycerol 3-phosphate = a 3-sn-phosphatidate
a 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol = diacylglycerol = DAG
Other name(s): phosphatic acid phosphatase; acid phosphatidyl phosphatase; phosphatic acid phosphohydrolase; PAP, Lipin
Systematic name: diacylglycerol-3-phosphate phosphohydrolase
Comments: This enzyme catalyses the Mg2+-dependent dephosphorylation of a 1,2-diacylglycerol-3-phosphate, yielding a 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol (DAG), the substrate for de novo lipid synthesis via the Kennedy pathway and for the synthesis of triacylglycerol. In lipid signalling, the enzyme generates a pool of DAG to be used for protein kinase C activation. The mammalian enzymes are known as lipins.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 9025-77-8
References:
1.  Smith, S.W., Weiss, S.B. and Kennedy, E.P. The enzymatic dephosphorylation of phosphatidic acids. J. Biol. Chem. 228 (1957) 915–922. [PMID: 13475370]
2.  Carman, G.M. and Han, G.S. Phosphatidic acid phosphatase, a key enzyme in the regulation of lipid synthesis. J. Biol. Chem. 284 (2009) 2593–2597. [DOI] [PMID: 18812320]
[EC 3.1.3.4 created 1961, modified 2010]
 
 
EC 3.1.4.54     
Accepted name: N-acetylphosphatidylethanolamine-hydrolysing phospholipase D
Reaction: N-acylphosphatidylethanolamine + H2O = N-acylethanolamine + a 1,2-diacylglycerol 3-phosphate
Other name(s): NAPE-PLD; anandamide-generating phospholipase D; N-acyl phosphatidylethanolamine phospholipase D; NAPE-hydrolyzing phospholipase D
Systematic name: N-acetylphosphatidylethanolamine phosphatidohydrolase
Comments: This enzyme is involved in the biosynthesis of anandamide. It does not hydrolyse phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine [1]. No transphosphatidation [1]. The enzyme contains Zn2+ and is activated by Mg2+ or Ca2+ [2].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Okamoto, Y., Morishita, J., Tsuboi, K., Tonai, T. and Ueda, N. Molecular characterization of a phospholipase D generating anandamide and its congeners. J. Biol. Chem. 279 (2004) 5298–5305. [DOI] [PMID: 14634025]
2.  Wang, J., Okamoto, Y., Morishita, J., Tsuboi, K., Miyatake, A. and Ueda, N. Functional analysis of the purified anandamide-generating phospholipase D as a member of the metallo-β-lactamase family. J. Biol. Chem. 281 (2006) 12325–12335. [DOI] [PMID: 16527816]
[EC 3.1.4.54 created 2011]
 
 


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