Accepted name: phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase
Reaction: ATP + 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate = ADP + 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate
Glossary: 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol = PtdIns
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3-phosphate = PtdIns3P
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4-phosphate = PtdIns4P
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,4-bisphosphate = PtdIns(3,4)P2
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate = PtdIns(4,5)P2
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate = PtdIns(3,4,5)P3
Other name(s): type I phosphoinositide 3-kinase
Systematic name: ATP:1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-phosphotransferase
Comments: This enzyme also catalyses the phosphorylation of PtdIns4P to PtdIns(3,4)P2, and of PtdIns to PtdIns3P. Four mammalian isoforms are known to exist.
1.  Vanhaesebroeck, B., Leevers, S.J., Ahmadi, K., Timms, J., Katso, R., Driscoll, P.C., Woscholski, R., Parker, P.J. and Waterfield, M.D. Synthesis and function of 3-phosphorylated inositol lipids. Annu. Rev. Biochem. 70 (2001) 535–602. [PMID: 11395417]
[EC created 2002]
Accepted name: phosphoinositide 5-phosphatase
Reaction: 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate + H2O = 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4-phosphate + phosphate
Glossary: 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4-phosphate = PtdIns4P
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 1,4-bisphosphate = PtdIns(1,4)P2
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate = PtdIns(4,5)P2
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate = PtdIns(1,3,4)P3
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate = PtdIns(1,4,5)P3
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate = PtdIns(3,4,5)P3
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate = PtdIns(1,3,4,5)P4
Other name(s): type II inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase; triphosphoinositide phosphatase; IP3 phosphatase; PtdIns(4,5)P2 phosphatase; triphosphoinositide phosphomonoesterase; diphosphoinositide phosphatase; inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate 5-phosphomonoesterase; inositol triphosphate 5-phosphomonoesterase; phosphatidylinositol-bisphosphatase; phosphatidyl-myo-inositol-4,5-bisphosphate phosphatase; phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate phosphatase; polyphosphoinositol lipid 5-phosphatase; phosphatidyl-inositol-bisphosphate phosphatase
Systematic name: phosphatidyl-myo-inositol-4,5-bisphosphate 4-phosphohydrolase
Comments: These enzymes can also remove the 5-phosphate from Ins(1,4,5)P3 and/or Ins(1,3,4,5)P4. They are a diverse family of enzymes, with differing abilities to catalyse two or more of the four reactions listed. They are thought to use inositol lipids rather than inositol phosphates as substrates in vivo. All of them can use either or both of PtdIns(4,5)P2 and PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 as substrates; this is the main property that distinguishes them from EC, inositol-polyphosphate 5-phosphatase.
1.  Dawson, R.M.C. and Thompson, W. The triphosphoinositide phosphomonoesterase of brain tissue. Biochem. J. 91 (1964) 244–250. [PMID: 4284485]
2.  Roach, P.D. and Palmer, F.B.S. Human erythrocyte cytosol phosphatidyl-inositol-bisphosphate phosphatase. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 661 (1981) 323–333. [PMID: 6271223]
3.  Woscholski, R. and Parker, P.J. Inositol phosphatases: constructive destruction of phosphoinositides and inositol phosphates. In: Cockcroft, S. (Ed.), Biology of Phosphoinositides, Biology of Phosphoinositides, Oxford, 2000, pp. 320–338.
[EC created 1972, modified 2002]
Accepted name: phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate 3-phosphatase
Reaction: 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate + H2O = 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate + phosphate
Glossary: inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate = Ins(1,4,5)P3
inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate = Ins(1,3,4,5)P4
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate = PtdIns(4,5)P2
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate = PtdIns(3,4,5)P3
Other name(s): PTEN; MMAC1; phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate 3-phosphohydrolase
Systematic name: 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate 3-phosphohydrolase
Comments: Requires Mg2+. Does not dephosphorylate inositol 4,5-bisphosphate. This enzyme still works when the 2,3-bis(acyloxy)propyl group is removed, i.e., it hydrolyses Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 to Ins(1,4,5)P3
1.  Kabuyama, Y., Nakatsu, N., Homma, Y., Fukui, Y. Purification and characterization of phosphatidyl inositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate phosphatase in bovine thymus. Eur. J. Biochem. 238 (1996) 350–356. [PMID: 8681945]
2.  Maehama, T. and Dixon, J.E. The tumor suppressor, PTEN /MMAC1, dephosphorylates the lipid second messenger, phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate. J. Biol. Chem. 273 (1998) 13375–13378. [PMID: 9593664]
[EC created 1999, modified 2002]
Accepted name: phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 4-phosphatase
Reaction: 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate + H2O = 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 5-phosphate + phosphate
Glossary: 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3-phosphate = PtdIns3P
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4-phosphate = PtdIns4P
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 5-phosphate = PtdIns5P
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,4-bisphosphate = PtdIns(3,4)P2
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,5-bisphosphate = PtdIns(3,5)P2
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate = PtdIns(4,5)P2
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate = PtdIns(3,4,5)P3
Other name(s): phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 4-phosphatase I; phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 4-phosphatase II; type I PtdIns-4,5-P2 4-Ptase; type II PtdIns-4,5-P2 4-Ptase; IpgD; PtdIns-4,5-P2 4-phosphatase type I; PtdIns-4,5-P2 4-phosphatase type II; type I phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 4-phosphatase; type 1 4-phosphatase
Systematic name: 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol-4,5-bisphosphate 4-phosphohydrolase
Comments: Two pathways exist in mammalian cells to degrade 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P2] [2]. One is catalysed by this enzyme and the other by EC, phosphoinositide 5-phosphatase, where the product is PtdIns4P. The enzyme from human is specific for PtdIns(4,5)P2 as substrate, as it cannot use PtdIns(3,4,5)P3, PtdIns(3,4)P2, PtdIns(3,5)P2, PtdIns5P, PtdIns4P or PtdIns3P [2]. In humans, the enzyme is localized to late endosomal/lysosomal membranes [2]. It can control nuclear levels of PtdIns5P and thereby control p53-dependent apoptosis [3].
1.  Niebuhr, K., Giuriato, S., Pedron, T., Philpott, D.J., Gaits, F., Sable, J., Sheetz, M.P., Parsot, C., Sansonetti, P.J. and Payrastre, B. Conversion of PtdIns(4,5)P2 into PtdIns(5)P by the S. flexneri effector IpgD reorganizes host cell morphology. EMBO J. 21 (2002) 5069–5078. [PMID: 12356723]
2.  Ungewickell, A., Hugge, C., Kisseleva, M., Chang, S.C., Zou, J., Feng, Y., Galyov, E.E., Wilson, M. and Majerus, P.W. The identification and characterization of two phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 4-phosphatases. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102 (2005) 18854–18859. [PMID: 16365287]
3.  Zou, J., Marjanovic, J., Kisseleva, M.V., Wilson, M. and Majerus, P.W. Type I phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 4-phosphatase regulates stress-induced apoptosis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104 (2007) 16834–16839. [PMID: 17940011]
4.  Mason, D., Mallo, G.V., Terebiznik, M.R., Payrastre, B., Finlay, B.B., Brumell, J.H., Rameh, L. and Grinstein, S. Alteration of epithelial structure and function associated with PtdIns(4,5)P2 degradation by a bacterial phosphatase. J. Gen. Physiol. 129 (2007) 267–283. [PMID: 17389247]
[EC created 2008]
Accepted name: phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate 5-phosphatase
Reaction: 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate + H2O = 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,4-bisphosphate + phosphate
Glossary: 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,4-bisphosphate = PtdIns(3,4)P2
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate = PtdIns(3,4,5)P3
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4,5-trisphosphate = PtdIns(1,3,4,5)P4
Other name(s): SHIP1; SHIP2; SHIP; p150Ship
Systematic name: 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate 5-phosphohydrolase
Comments: This enzyme hydrolyses 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P3) to produce PtdIns(3,4)P2, thereby negatively regulating the PI3K (phosphoinositide 3-kinase) pathways. The enzyme also shows activity toward (PtdIns(1,3,4,5)P4) [5]. The enzyme is involved in several signal transduction pathways in the immune system leading to an adverse range of effects.
1.  Lioubin, M.N., Algate, P.A., Tsai, S., Carlberg, K., Aebersold, A. and Rohrschneider, L.R. p150Ship, a signal transduction molecule with inositol polyphosphate-5-phosphatase activity. Genes Dev. 10 (1996) 1084–1095. [PMID: 8654924]
2.  Damen, J.E., Liu, L., Rosten, P., Humphries, R.K., Jefferson, A.B., Majerus, P.W. and Krystal, G. The 145-kDa protein induced to associate with Shc by multiple cytokines is an inositol tetraphosphate and phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-triphosphate 5-phosphatase. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93 (1996) 1689–1693. [PMID: 8643691]
3.  Giuriato, S., Payrastre, B., Drayer, A.L., Plantavid, M., Woscholski, R., Parker, P., Erneux, C. and Chap, H. Tyrosine phosphorylation and relocation of SHIP are integrin-mediated in thrombin-stimulated human blood platelets. J. Biol. Chem. 272 (1997) 26857–26863. [PMID: 9341117]
4.  Drayer, A.L., Pesesse, X., De Smedt, F., Woscholski, R., Parker, P. and Erneux, C. Cloning and expression of a human placenta inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate and phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate 5-phosphatase. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 225 (1996) 243–249. [PMID: 8769125]
5.  Pesesse, X., Moreau, C., Drayer, A.L., Woscholski, R., Parker, P. and Erneux, C. The SH2 domain containing inositol 5-phosphatase SHIP2 displays phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate and inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate 5-phosphatase activity. FEBS Lett. 437 (1998) 301–303. [PMID: 9824312]
[EC created 2011]

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