The Enzyme Database

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EC 1.1.99.29     
Accepted name: pyranose dehydrogenase (acceptor)
Reaction: (1) a pyranose + acceptor = a pyranos-2-ulose (or a pyranos-3-ulose or a pyranos-2,3-diulose) + reduced acceptor
(2) a pyranoside + acceptor = a pyranosid-3-ulose (or a pyranosid-3,4-diulose) + reduced acceptor
Glossary: ferricenium ion = bis(η5-cyclopentadienyl)iron(1+)
Other name(s): pyranose dehydrogenase; pyranose-quinone oxidoreductase; quinone-dependent pyranose dehydrogenase; PDH
Systematic name: pyranose:acceptor oxidoreductase
Comments: Requires FAD. A number of aldoses and ketoses in pyranose form, as well as glycosides, gluco-oligosaccharides, sucrose and lactose can act as a donor. 1,4-Benzoquinone or ferricenium ion (ferrocene oxidized by removal of one electron) can serve as acceptor. Unlike EC 1.1.3.10, pyranose oxidase, this fungal enzyme does not interact with O2 and exhibits extremely broad substrate tolerance with variable regioselectivity (C-3, C-2 or C-3 + C-2 or C-3 + C-4) for (di)oxidation of different sugars. D-Glucose is exclusively or preferentially oxidized at C-3 (depending on the enzyme source), but can also be oxidized at C-2 + C-3. The enzyme also acts on 1→4-α- and 1→4-β-gluco-oligosaccharides, non-reducing gluco-oligosaccharides and L-arabinose, which are not substrates of EC 1.1.3.10. Sugars are oxidized in their pyranose but not in their furanose form.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 190606-21-4
References:
1.  Volc, J., Kubátová, E., Wood, D. and Daniel, G. Pyranose 2-dehydrogenase, a novel sugar oxidoreductase from the basidiomycete fungus Agaricus bisporus. Arch. Microbiol. 167 (1997) 119–125. [PMID: 9042751]
2.  Volc, J., Sedmera, P., Halada, P., Přikyrlová, V. and Daniel, G. C-2 and C-3 oxidation of D-Glc, and C-2 oxidation of D-Gal by pyranose dehydrogenase from Agaricus bisporus. Carbohydr. Res. 310 (1998) 151–156.
3.  Volc, J., Sedmera, P., Halada, P., Přikyrlová, V. and Haltrich, D. Double oxidation of D-xylose to D-glycero-pentos-2,3-diulose (2,3-diketo-D-xylose) by pyranose dehydrogenase from the mushroom Agaricus bisporus. Carbohydr. Res. 329 (2000) 219–225. [DOI] [PMID: 11086703]
4.  Volc, J., Kubátová, E., Daniel, G., Sedmera, P. and Haltrich, D. Screening of basidiomycete fungi for the quinone-dependent sugar C-2/C-3 oxidoreductase, pyranose dehydrogenase, and properties of the enzyme from Macrolepiota rhacodes. Arch. Microbiol. 176 (2001) 178–186. [PMID: 11511865]
5.  Volc, J., Sedmera, P., Halada, P., Daniel, G., Přikyrlová, V. and Haltrich, D. C-3 oxidation of non-reducing sugars by a fungal pyranose dehydrogenase: spectral characterization. J. Mol. Catal., B Enzym. 17 (2002) 91–100.
[EC 1.1.99.29 created 2004]
 
 
EC 1.3.8.3     
Accepted name: (R)-benzylsuccinyl-CoA dehydrogenase
Reaction: (R)-2-benzylsuccinyl-CoA + electron-transfer flavoprotein = (E)-2-benzylidenesuccinyl-CoA + reduced electron-transfer flavoprotein
For diagram of anaerobic toluene catabolism, click here
Other name(s): BbsG; (R)-benzylsuccinyl-CoA:(acceptor) oxidoreductase
Systematic name: (R)-benzylsuccinyl-CoA:electron transfer flavoprotein oxidoreductase
Comments: Requires FAD as prosthetic group. Unlike other acyl-CoA dehydrogenases, this enzyme exhibits high substrate- and enantiomer specificity; it is highly specific for (R)-benzylsuccinyl-CoA and is inhibited by (S)-benzylsuccinyl-CoA. Forms the third step in the anaerobic toluene metabolic pathway in Thauera aromatica. Ferricenium ion is an effective artificial electron acceptor.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, UM-BBD
References:
1.  Leutwein, C. and Heider, J. Anaerobic toluene-catabolic pathway in denitrifying Thauera aromatica: activation and β-oxidation of the first intermediate, (R)-(+)-benzylsuccinate. Microbiology 145 (1999) 3265–3271. [DOI] [PMID: 10589736]
2.  Leutwein, C. and Heider, J. (R)-Benzylsuccinyl-CoA dehydrogenase of Thauera aromatica, an enzyme of the anaerobic toluene catabolic pathway. Arch. Microbiol. 178 (2002) 517–524. [DOI] [PMID: 12420174]
[EC 1.3.8.3 created 2003 as EC 1.3.99.21, transferred 2012 to EC 1.3.8.3]
 
 
EC 1.3.99.21      
Transferred entry: (R)-benzylsuccinyl-CoA dehydrogenase. Now EC 1.3.8.3, (R)-benzylsuccinyl-CoA dehydrogenase
[EC 1.3.99.21 created 2003 as EC 1.3.99.21, deleted 2012]
 
 


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