The Enzyme Database

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EC 1.3.7.10      
Transferred entry: pentalenolactone synthase. Now EC 1.14.19.8, pentalenolactone synthase
[EC 1.3.7.10 created 2012, deleted 2013]
 
 
EC 1.14.11.36     
Accepted name: pentalenolactone F synthase
Reaction: pentalenolactone D + 2 2-oxoglutarate + 2 O2 = pentalenolactone F + 2 succinate + 2 CO2 + H2O (overall reaction)
(1a) pentalenolactone D + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = pentalenolactone E + succinate + CO2 + H2O
(1b) pentalenolactone E + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = pentalenolactone F + succinate + CO2
For diagram of pentalenolactone biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: pentalenolactone D = (1S,4aR,6aS,9aR)-1,8,8-trimethyl-2-oxo-1,2,4,4a,6a,7,8,9-octahydropentaleno[1,6a-c]pyran-5-carboxylate
pentalenolactone E = (4aR,6aS,9aR)-8,8-dimethyl-1-methylene-2-oxo-1,2,4,4a,6a,7,8,9-octahydropentaleno[1,6a-c]pyran-5-carboxylate
pentalenolactone F = (1′R,4′aR,6′aS,9′aR)-8′,8′-dimethyl-2′-oxo-4′,4′a,6′a,8′,9′-hexahydrospiro[oxirane-2,1′-pentaleno[1,6a-c]pyran]-5′-carboxylic acid
Other name(s): penD (gene name); pntD (gene name); ptlD (gene name)
Systematic name: pentalenolactone-D,2-oxoglutarate:oxygen oxidoreductase
Comments: Requires Fe(II) and ascorbate. Isolated from the bacteria Streptomyces exfoliatus, Streptomyces arenae and Streptomyces avermitilis. Part of the pentalenolactone biosynthesis pathway.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Seo, M.J., Zhu, D., Endo, S., Ikeda, H. and Cane, D.E. Genome mining in Streptomyces. Elucidation of the role of Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenases and non-heme iron-dependent dehydrogenase/oxygenases in the final steps of the biosynthesis of pentalenolactone and neopentalenolactone. Biochemistry 50 (2011) 1739–1754. [DOI] [PMID: 21250661]
[EC 1.14.11.36 created 2012]
 
 
EC 1.14.15.11     
Accepted name: pentalenic acid synthase
Reaction: 1-deoxypentalenate + reduced ferredoxin + O2 = pentalenate + oxidized ferredoxin + H2O
For diagram of pentalenolactone biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: 1-deoxypentalenate = (1R,3aR,5aS,8aR)-1,7,7-trimethyl-1,2,3,3a,5a,6,7,8-octahydrocyclopenta[c]pentalene-4-carboxylate
pentalenate = (1R,3aR,5aS,6R,8aS)-6-hydroxy-1,7,7-trimethyl-1,2,3,3a,5a,6,7,8-octahydrocyclopenta[c]pentalene-4-carboxylate
Other name(s): CYP105D7; sav7469 (gene name); 1-deoxypentalenate,reduced ferredoxin:O2 oxidoreductase
Systematic name: 1-deoxypentalenate,reduced ferredoxin:oxygen oxidoreductase
Comments: A heme-thiolate enzyme (P-450). Isolated from the bacterium Streptomyces avermitilis. The product, pentalenate, is a co-metabolite from pentalenolactone biosynthesis.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Takamatsu, S., Xu, L.H., Fushinobu, S., Shoun, H., Komatsu, M., Cane, D.E. and Ikeda, H. Pentalenic acid is a shunt metabolite in the biosynthesis of the pentalenolactone family of metabolites: hydroxylation of 1-deoxypentalenic acid mediated by CYP105D7 (SAV_7469) of Streptomyces avermitilis. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo) 64 (2011) 65–71. [DOI] [PMID: 21081950]
[EC 1.14.15.11 created 2012]
 
 
EC 1.14.19.8     
Accepted name: pentalenolactone synthase
Reaction: pentalenolactone F + O2 + 2 reduced ferredoxin + 2 H+ = pentalenolactone + 2 oxidized ferredoxin + 2 H2O
For diagram of pentalenolactone biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: pentalenolactone F = (1R,4aR,6aS,9aR)-8,8-dimethyl-2-oxo-4,4a,6a,8,9-hexahydrospiro[oxirane-2,1-pentaleno[1,6a-c]pyran]-5-carboxylic acid
pentalenolactone = (1R,4aR,6aR,7S,9aS)-7,8-dimethyl-2-oxo-4,4a,6a,7-tetrahydrospiro[oxirane-2,1-pentaleno[1,6a-c]pyran]-5-carboxylic acid
Other name(s): penM (gene name); pntM (gene name)
Systematic name: pentalenolactone-reduced-ferredoxin:oxygen oxidoreductase (pentalenolactone forming)
Comments: A heme-thiolate protein (P-450). Isolated from the bacteria Streptomyces exfoliatus and Streptomyces arenae.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Zhu, D., Seo, M.J., Ikeda, H. and Cane, D.E. Genome mining in streptomyces. Discovery of an unprecedented P450-catalyzed oxidative rearrangement that is the final step in the biosynthesis of pentalenolactone. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133 (2011) 2128–2131. [DOI] [PMID: 21284395]
[EC 1.14.19.8 created 2012 as EC 1.3.7.10, transferred 2013 to EC 1.14.19.8]
 
 


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