The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.1.1.343     
Accepted name: 8-amino-8-demethylriboflavin N,N-dimethyltransferase
Reaction: 2 S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 8-amino-8-demethylriboflavin = 2 S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + roseoflavin (overall reaction)
(1a) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 8-amino-8-demethylriboflavin = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 8-demethyl-8-(methylamino)riboflavin
(1b) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 8-demethyl-8-(methylamino)riboflavin = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + roseoflavin
For diagram of roseoflavin biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: roseoflavin = 8-demethyl-8-(dimethylamino)riboflavin
Other name(s): rosA (gene name)
Systematic name: S-adenosyl-L-methionine:8-amino-8-demethylriboflavin N,N-dimethyltransferase
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the soil bacterium Streptomyces davawensis, catalyses the last two steps in the biosynthesis of the antibiotic roseoflavin.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Jankowitsch, F., Kuhm, C., Kellner, R., Kalinowski, J., Pelzer, S., Macheroux, P. and Mack, M. A novel N,N-8-amino-8-demethyl-D-riboflavin dimethyltransferase (RosA) catalyzing the two terminal steps of roseoflavin biosynthesis in Streptomyces davawensis. J. Biol. Chem. 286 (2011) 38275–38285. [DOI] [PMID: 21911488]
2.  Tongsook, C., Uhl, M.K., Jankowitsch, F., Mack, M., Gruber, K. and Macheroux, P. Structural and kinetic studies on RosA, the enzyme catalysing the methylation of 8-demethyl-8-amino-D-riboflavin to the antibiotic roseoflavin. FEBS J. 283 (2016) 1531–1549. [DOI] [PMID: 26913589]
[EC 2.1.1.343 created 2017]
 
 
EC 2.6.1.114     
Accepted name: 8-demethyl-8-aminoriboflavin-5′-phosphate synthase
Reaction: L-glutamate + FMN + O2 + H2O + 3 acceptor = 2-oxoglutarate + 8-amino-8-demethylriboflavin 5′-phosphate + CO2 + 3 reduced acceptor (overall reaction)
(1a) FMN + O2 = 8-demethyl-8-formylriboflavin 5′-phosphate + H2O
(1b) 8-demethyl-8-formylriboflavin 5′-phosphate + H2O + acceptor = 8-carboxy-8-demethylriboflavin 5′-phosphate + reduced acceptor
(1c) L-glutamate + 8-carboxy-8-demethylriboflavin 5′-phosphate + H2O + 2 acceptor = 2-oxoglutarate + 8-amino-8-demethylriboflavin 5′-phosphate + CO2 + 2 reduced acceptor
For diagram of roseoflavin biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: roseoflavin = 8-demethyl-8-(dimethylamino)riboflavin
Other name(s): rosB (gene name)
Systematic name: L-glutamate:FMN aminotransferase (oxidizing, decarboxylating)
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the bacterium Streptomyces davawensis, has the activities of an oxidoreductase, a decarboxylase, and an aminotransferase. Its combined actions result in the replacement of a methyl substituent of one of the aromatic rings of FMN by an amino group, a step in the biosynthetic pathway of roseoflavin. The reaction requires thiamine for completion.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Schwarz, J., Konjik, V., Jankowitsch, F., Sandhoff, R. and Mack, M. Identification of the key enzyme of roseoflavin biosynthesis. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 55 (2016) 6103–6106. [DOI] [PMID: 27062037]
2.  Jhulki, I., Chanani, P.K., Abdelwahed, S.H. and Begley, T.P. A remarkable oxidative cascade that replaces the riboflavin C8 methyl with an amino group during roseoflavin biosynthesis. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138 (2016) 8324–8327. [DOI] [PMID: 27331868]
3.  Konjik, V., Brunle, S., Demmer, U., Vanselow, A., Sandhoff, R., Ermler, U. and Mack, M. The crystal structure of RosB: insights into the reaction mechanism of the first member of a family of flavodoxin-like enzymes. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 56 (2017) 1146–1151. [DOI] [PMID: 27981706]
[EC 2.6.1.114 created 2018]
 
 


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