The Enzyme Database

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EC 6.3.2.57     
Accepted name: staphyloferrin A synthase
Reaction: ATP + N5-[(S)-citryl]-D-ornithine + citrate = AMP + diphosphate + staphyloferrin A
Glossary: staphyloferrin A = N2-[(R)-citryl],N5-[(S)-citryl]-D-ornithine
citryl = 3-hydroxy-3,4-dicarboxybutanoyl
Other name(s): sfnaB (gene name)
Systematic name: N5-[(S)-citryl]-D-ornithine:citrate ligase (staphyloferrin A-forming)
Comments: Requires Mg2+. The enzyme, characterized from the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, catalyses the last step in the biosynthesis of the siderophore staphyloferrin A. It belongs to a class of siderophore synthases known as type A nonribosomal peptide synthase-independent synthases (NIS). Type A NIS enzymes are responsible for the formation of amide or ester bonds between polyamines or amino alcohols and a prochiral carboxyl group of citrate. The enzyme forms a citrate adenylate intermediate prior to ligation.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Cotton, J.L., Tao, J. and Balibar, C.J. Identification and characterization of the Staphylococcus aureus gene cluster coding for staphyloferrin A. Biochemistry 48 (2009) 1025–1035. [PMID: 19138128]
[EC 6.3.2.57 created 2019]
 
 
EC 6.3.2.58     
Accepted name: D-ornithine—citrate ligase
Reaction: ATP + D-ornithine + citrate = AMP + diphosphate + N5-[(S)-citryl]-D-ornithine
Glossary: staphyloferrin A = N2-[(R)-citryl],N5-[(S)-citryl]-D-ornithine
Other name(s): sfnaD (gene name)
Systematic name: D-ornithine:citrate ligase {3-[(2-aminopentan-5-oylcarbamoyl)methyl]-3-hydroxybutanoate-forming}
Comments: Requires Mg2+. The enzyme, characterized from the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, is involved in the biosynthesis of the siderophore staphyloferrin A. It belongs to a class of siderophore synthases known as type A nonribosomal peptide synthase-independent synthases (NIS). Type A NIS enzymes are responsible for the formation of amide or ester bonds between polyamines or amino alcohols and a prochiral carboxyl group of citrate. The enzyme forms a citrate adenylate intermediate prior to ligation.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Cotton, J.L., Tao, J. and Balibar, C.J. Identification and characterization of the Staphylococcus aureus gene cluster coding for staphyloferrin A. Biochemistry 48 (2009) 1025–1035. [PMID: 19138128]
[EC 6.3.2.58 created 2019]
 
 


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