The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: 2,5-diamino-6-(ribosylamino)-4(3H)-pyrimidinone 5′-phosphate reductase
Reaction: 2,5-diamino-6-(5-phospho-D-ribitylamino)pyrimidin-4(3H)-one + NAD(P)+ = 2,5-diamino-6-(5-phospho-D-ribosylamino)pyrimidin-4(3H)-one + NAD(P)H + H+
For diagram of riboflavin biosynthesis (early stages), click here
Other name(s): 2,5-diamino-6-ribosylamino-4(3H)-pyrimidinone 5′-phosphate reductase; MjaRED; MJ0671 (gene name)
Systematic name: 2,5-diamino-6-(5-phospho-D-ribosylamino)pyrimidin-4(3H)-one:NAD(P)+ oxidoreductase
Comments: The reaction proceeds in the opposite direction. A step in riboflavin biosynthesis, NADPH and NADH function equally well as reductant. Differs from EC [5-amino-6-(5-phosphoribosylamino)uracil reductase] since it does not catalyse the reduction of 5-amino-6-ribosylaminopyrimidine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione 5′-phosphate [1].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Graupner, M., Xu, H. and White, R.H. The pyrimidine nucleotide reductase step in riboflavin and F420 biosynthesis in archaea proceeds by the eukaryotic route to riboflavin. J. Bacteriol. 184 (2002) 1952–1957. [DOI] [PMID: 11889103]
2.  Chatwell, L., Krojer, T., Fidler, A., Romisch, W., Eisenreich, W., Bacher, A., Huber, R. and Fischer, M. Biosynthesis of riboflavin: structure and properties of 2,5-diamino-6-ribosylamino-4(3H)-pyrimidinone 5′-phosphate reductase of Methanocaldococcus jannaschii. J. Mol. Biol. 359 (2006) 1334–1351. [DOI] [PMID: 16730025]
[EC created 2010, modified 2011]

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