The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: L-ascorbate peroxidase
Reaction: 2 L-ascorbate + H2O2 + 2 H+ = L-ascorbate + L-dehydroascorbate + 2 H2O (overall reaction)
(1a) 2 L-ascorbate + H2O2 + 2 H+ = 2 monodehydroascorbate + 2 H2O
(1b) 2 monodehydroascorbate = L-ascorbate + L-dehydroascorbate (spontaneous)
Glossary: monodehydroascorbate = ascorbate radical
Other name(s): L-ascorbic acid peroxidase; L-ascorbic acid-specific peroxidase; ascorbate peroxidase; ascorbic acid peroxidase
Systematic name: L-ascorbate:hydrogen-peroxide oxidoreductase
Comments: A heme protein. Oxidizes ascorbate and low molecular weight aromatic substrates. The monodehydroascorbate radical produced is either directly reduced back to ascorbate by EC [monodehydroascorbate reductase (NADH)] or undergoes non-enzymic disproportionation to ascorbate and dehydroascorbate.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 72906-87-7
1.  Shigeoka, S., Nakano, Y. and Kitaoka, S. Purification and some properties of L-ascorbic-acid-specific peroxidase in Euglena gracilis. Z. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 201 (1980) 121–127. [DOI] [PMID: 6772104]
2.  Shigeoka, S., Nakano, Y. and Kitaoka, S. Metabolism of hydrogen peroxide in Euglena gracilis Z by L-ascorbic acid peroxidase. Biochem. J. 186 (1980) 377–380. [PMID: 6768357]
3.  Nakano, Y and Asada, K. Purification of ascorbate peroxidase in spinach chloroplasts; its inactivation in ascorbate-depleted medium and reactivation by monodehydroascorbate radical. Plant Cell Physiol. 28 (1987) 131–140.
4.  Patterson, W.R. and Poulos, T.L. Crystal structure of recombinant pea cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase. Biochemistry 34 (1995) 4331–4341. [PMID: 7703247]
5.  Sharp, K.H., Moody, P.C., Brown, K.A. and Raven, E.L. Crystal structure of the ascorbate peroxidase-salicylhydroxamic acid complex. Biochemistry 43 (2004) 8644–8651. [DOI] [PMID: 15236572]
6.  Macdonald, I.K., Badyal, S.K., Ghamsari, L., Moody, P.C. and Raven, E.L. Interaction of ascorbate peroxidase with substrates: a mechanistic and structural analysis. Biochemistry 45 (2006) 7808–7817. [DOI] [PMID: 16784232]
[EC created 1983, modified 2010, modified 2011]

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