||The enzyme catalyses a complex oxygen-dependent conversion of reduced flavin mononucleotide to form 5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole, the lower ligand of vitamin B12. This conversion involves many sequential steps in two distinct stages, and an alloxan intermediate that acts as a proton donor, a proton acceptor, and a hydride acceptor . The C-2 of 5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole is derived from C-1′ of the ribityl group of FMNH2 and 2-H from the ribityl 1′-pro-S hydrogen. While D-erythrose 4-phosphate has been shown to be one of the byproducts, the nature of the other product(s) has not been verified yet.
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||Wang, X.L. and Quan, J.M. Intermediate-assisted multifunctional catalysis in the conversion of flavin to 5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole by BluB: a density functional theory study. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133 (2011) 4079–4091. [DOI] [PMID: 21344938]
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