The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: hypoxia-inducible factor-proline dioxygenase
Reaction: hypoxia-inducible factor-L-proline + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = hypoxia-inducible factor-trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline + succinate + CO2
Other name(s): HIF hydroxylase
Systematic name: hypoxia-inducible factor-L-proline, 2-oxoglutarate:oxygen oxidoreductase (4-hydroxylating)
Comments: Contains iron, and requires ascorbate. Specifically hydroxylates a proline residue in HIF-α, the α subunit of the transcriptional regulator HIF (hypoxia-inducible factor), which targets HIF for proteasomal destruction. The requirement of oxygen for the hydroxylation reaction enables animals to respond to hypoxia.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Jaakkola, P., Mole, D.R., Tian, Y.M., Wilson, M.I., Gielbert, J., Gaskell, S.J., Kriegsheim Av, Hebestreit, H.F., Mukherji, M., Schofield, C.J., Maxwell, P.H., Pugh, C.W. and Ratcliffe, P.J. Targeting of HIF-α to the von Hippel-Lindau ubiquitylation complex by O2-regulated prolyl hydroxylation. Science 292 (2001) 468–472. [DOI] [PMID: 11292861]
2.  Ivan, M., Kondo, K., Yang, H., Kim, W., Valiando, J., Ohh, M., Salic, A., Asara, J.M., Lane, W.S. and Kaelin , W.G., Jr. HIFα targeted for VHL-mediated destruction by proline hydroxylation: implications for O2 sensing. Science 292 (2001) 464–468. [DOI] [PMID: 11292862]
3.  Bruick, R.K. and McKnight, S.L. A conserved family of prolyl-4-hydroxylases that modify HIF. Science 294 (2001) 1337–1340. [DOI] [PMID: 11598268]
4.  Epstein, A.C., Gleadle, J.M., McNeill, L.A., Hewitson, K.S., O'Rourke, J., Mole, D.R., Mukherji, M., Metzen, E., Wilson, M.I., Dhanda, A., Tian, Y.M., Masson, N., Hamilton, D.L., Jaakkola, P., Barstead, R., Hodgkin, J., Maxwell, P.H., Pugh, C.W., Schofield, C.J. and Ratcliffe, P.J. C. elegans EGL-9 and mammalian homologs define a family of dioxygenases that regulate HIF by prolyl hydroxylation. Cell 107 (2001) 43–54. [DOI] [PMID: 11595184]
5.  Oehme, F., Ellinghaus, P., Kolkhof, P., Smith, T.J., Ramakrishnan, S., Hutter, J., Schramm, M. and Flamme, I. Overexpression of PH-4, a novel putative proline 4-hydroxylase, modulates activity of hypoxia-inducible transcription factors. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 296 (2002) 343–349. [DOI] [PMID: 12163023]
6.  McNeill, L.A., Hewitson, K.S., Gleadle, J.M., Horsfall, L.E., Oldham, N.J., Maxwell, P.H., Pugh, C.W., Ratcliffe, P.J. and Schofield, C.J. The use of dioxygen by HIF prolyl hydroxylase (PHD1). Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 12 (2002) 1547–1550. [DOI] [PMID: 12039559]
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