EC 1.14.12.18     
Accepted name: biphenyl 2,3-dioxygenase
Reaction: biphenyl + NADH + H+ + O2 = (1S,2R)-3-phenylcyclohexa-3,5-diene-1,2-diol + NAD+
Other name(s): biphenyl dioxygenase
Systematic name: biphenyl,NADH:oxygen oxidoreductase (2,3-hydroxylating)
Comments: Requires Fe2+. The enzyme from Burkholderia fungorum LB400 (previously Pseudomonas sp.) is part of a multicomponent system composed of an NADH:ferredoxin oxidoreductase (FAD cofactor), a [2Fe-2S] Rieske-type ferredoxin, and a terminal oxygenase that contains a [2Fe-2S] Rieske-type iron-sulfur cluster and a catalytic mononuclear nonheme iron centre. Chlorine-substituted biphenyls can also act as substrates. Similar to the three-component enzyme systems EC 1.14.12.3 (benzene 1,2-dioxygenase) and EC 1.14.12.11 (toluene dioxygenase).
References:
1.  Haddock, J.D. and Gibson, D.T. Purification and characterization of the oxygenase component of biphenyl 2,3-dioxygenase from Pseudomonas sp. strain LB400. J. Bacteriol. 177 (1995) 5834–5839. [PMID: 7592331]
2.  Haddock, J.D., Pelletier, D.A. and Gibson, D.T. Purification and properties of ferredoxinBPH, a component of biphenyl 2,3-dioxygenase of Pseudomonas sp. strain LB400. J. Indust. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 19 (1997) 355–359. [PMID: 9451832]
3.  Broadus, R.M. and Haddock, J.D. Purification and characterization of the NADH:ferredoxinBPH oxidoreductase component of biphenyl 2,3-dioxygenase from Pseudomonas sp. strain LB400. Arch. Microbiol. 170 (1998) 106–112. [PMID: 9683647]
[EC 1.14.12.18 created 2001]