The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: tert-butyl alcohol monooxygenase
Reaction: tert-butyl alcohol + NADPH + H+ + O2 = 2-methylpropane-1,2-diol + NADP+ + H2O
Other name(s): mdpJK (gene names); tert-butanol monooxygenase
Systematic name: tert-butyl alcohol,NADPH:oxygen oxidoreductase
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the bacterium Aquincola tertiaricarbonis, is a Rieske nonheme mononuclear iron oxygenase. It can also act, with lower efficiency, on propan-2-ol, converting it to propane-1,2-diol. Depending on the substrate, the enzyme also catalyses EC, tert-amyl alcohol desaturase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Schafer, F., Breuer, U., Benndorf, D., von Bergen, M., Harms, H. and Muller, R.H. Growth of Aquincola tertiaricarbonis L108 on tert-butyl alcohol leads to the induction of a phthalate dioxygenase-related protein and its associated oxidoreductase subunit. Eng. Life Sci. 7 (2007) 512–519.
2.  Schuster, J., Schafer, F., Hubler, N., Brandt, A., Rosell, M., Hartig, C., Harms, H., Muller, R.H. and Rohwerder, T. Bacterial degradation of tert-amyl alcohol proceeds via hemiterpene 2-methyl-3-buten-2-ol by employing the tertiary alcohol desaturase function of the Rieske nonheme mononuclear iron oxygenase MdpJ. J. Bacteriol. 194 (2012) 972–981. [DOI] [PMID: 22194447]
[EC created 2016]

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