The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: averantin hydroxylase
Reaction: (1) (1′S)-averantin + [reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + O2 = (1′S,5′S)-5′-hydroxyaverantin + [oxidized NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + H2O
(2) (1′S)-averantin + [reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + O2 = (1′S,5′R)-5′-hydroxyaverantin + [oxidized NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + H2O
For diagram of aflatoxin biosynthesis (part 1), click here
Glossary: averantin = 1,3,6,8-tetrahydroxy-2-[(1S)-1-hydroxyhexyl]anthracene-9,10-dione
Other name(s): AVN hydroxylase; avnA (gene name); CYP60A1
Systematic name: (1′S)-averantin,[reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase]:oxygen oxidoreductase (5′-hydroxylating)
Comments: A cytochrome P-450 (heme-thiolate) protein isolated from the saprophytic mold Aspergillus parasiticus. Involved in aflatoxin biosynthesis. Does not react with (1′R)-averantin.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Yabe, K., Matsuyama, Y., Ando, Y., Nakajima, H. and Hamasaki, T. Stereochemistry during aflatoxin biosynthesis: conversion of norsolorinic acid to averufin. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59 (1993) 2486–2492. [PMID: 8368836]
2.  Yu, J., Chang, P.K., Cary, J.W., Bhatnagar, D. and Cleveland, T.E. avnA, a gene encoding a cytochrome P-450 monooxygenase, is involved in the conversion of averantin to averufin in aflatoxin biosynthesis in Aspergillus parasiticus. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63 (1997) 1349–1356. [PMID: 9097431]
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