The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: 22α-hydroxysteroid 23-monooxygenase
Reaction: (1) 3-epi-6-deoxocathasterone + [reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + O2 = 6-deoxotyphasterol + [oxidized NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + H2O
(2) (22S,24R)-22-hydroxy-5α-ergostan-3-one + [reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + O2 = 3-dehydro-6-deoxoteasterone + [oxidized NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + H2O
Other name(s): cytochrome P450 90C1; CYP90D1; CYP90C1; 3-epi-6-deoxocathasterone,[reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase]:oxygen oxidoreductase (C-23-hydroxylating); 3-epi-6-deoxocathasterone 23-monooxygenase
Systematic name: 22α-hydroxysteroid,[reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase]:oxygen oxidoreductase (C-23-hydroxylating)
Comments: A cytochrome P-450 (heme-thiolate) protein involved in brassinosteroid biosynthesis in plants. The enzyme has a relaxed substrate specificity, and C-23 hydroxylation can occur at different stages in the pathway. In Arabidopsis thaliana two isozymes, encoded by the CYP90C1 and CYP90D1 genes, have redundant activities.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Kim, G.T., Fujioka, S., Kozuka, T., Tax, F.E., Takatsuto, S., Yoshida, S. and Tsukaya, H. CYP90C1 and CYP90D1 are involved in different steps in the brassinosteroid biosynthesis pathway in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant J. 41 (2005) 710–721. [DOI] [PMID: 15703058]
2.  Ohnishi, T., Szatmari, A.M., Watanabe, B., Fujita, S., Bancos, S., Koncz, C., Lafos, M., Shibata, K., Yokota, T., Sakata, K., Szekeres, M. and Mizutani, M. C-23 hydroxylation by Arabidopsis CYP90C1 and CYP90D1 reveals a novel shortcut in brassinosteroid biosynthesis. Plant Cell 18 (2006) 3275–3288. [DOI] [PMID: 17138693]
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