The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: acyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] 4-desaturase
Reaction: palmitoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + 2 reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + O2 + 2 H+ = (4Z)-hexadec-4-enoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + 2 oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + 2 H2O
Other name(s): Δ4-palmitoyl-[acyl carrier protein] desaturase
Systematic name: palmitoyl-[acyl-carrier protein],reduced acceptor:oxygen oxidoreductase (4,5 cis-dehydrogenating)
Comments: The enzymes from the plants Coriandrum sativum (coriander) and Hedera helix (English ivy) are involved in biosynthesis of petroselinate [(6Z)-octadec-6-enoate], which is formed by elongation of (4Z)-hexadec-4-enoate. The ivy enzyme can also act on oleoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] and palmitoleoyl-[acyl-carrier protein], generating the corresponding 4,9-diene.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Cahoon, E.B., Shanklin, J. and Ohlrogge, J.B. Expression of a coriander desaturase results in petroselinic acid production in transgenic tobacco. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 89 (1992) 11184–11188. [DOI] [PMID: 1454797]
2.  Cahoon, E.B. and Ohlrogge, J.B. Metabolic evidence for the involvement of a Δ4-palmitoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase in petroselinic acid synthesis in coriander endosperm and transgenic tobacco cells. Plant Physiol. 104 (1994) 827–837. [PMID: 12232129]
3.  Whittle, E., Cahoon, E.B., Subrahmanyam, S. and Shanklin, J. A multifunctional acyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase from Hedera helix L. (English ivy) can synthesize 16- and 18-carbon monoene and diene products. J. Biol. Chem. 280 (2005) 28169–28176. [DOI] [PMID: 15939740]
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