The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: tetrahydrocannabinolic acid synthase
Reaction: cannabigerolate + O2 = Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinolate + H2O2
For diagram of cannabinoid biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinolate = Δ9-THCA = (6aR,10aR)-1-hydroxy-6,6,9-trimethyl-3-pentyl-6a,7,8,10a-tetrahydro-6H-benzo[c]chromene-2-carboxylate
cannabigerolate = CBGA = 3-[(2E)-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dien-1-yl]-2,4-dihydroxy-6-pentylbenzoate
cannabinerolate = 3-[(2Z)-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dien-1-yl]-2,4-dihydroxy-6-pentylbenzoate
Other name(s): THCA synthase; Δ1-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid synthase
Systematic name: cannabigerolate:oxygen oxidoreductase (cyclizing, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinolate-forming)
Comments: A flavoprotein (FAD). The cofactor is covalently bound. Part of the cannabinoids biosynthetic pathway in the plant Cannabis sativa. The enzyme can also convert cannabinerolate (the (Z)-isomer of cannabigerolate) to Δ9-THCA with lower efficiency. Whereas the product was originally called Δ1-tetrahydrocannabinolate, the recommended name according to systematic peripheral numbering is Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinolate.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, Gene, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Taura, F., Morimoto, S. Shoyama, Y. and Mechoulam, R. First direct evidence for the mechanism of Δ1-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid biosynthesis. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 117 (1995) 9766–9767.
2.  Sirikantaramas, S., Morimoto, S., Shoyama, Y., Ishikawa, Y., Wada, Y., Shoyama, Y. and Taura, F. The gene controlling marijuana psychoactivity: molecular cloning and heterologous expression of Δ1-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid synthase from Cannabis sativa L. J. Biol. Chem. 279 (2004) 39767–39774. [DOI] [PMID: 15190053]
3.  Shoyama, Y., Takeuchi, A., Taura, F., Tamada, T., Adachi, M., Kuroki, R., Shoyama, Y. and Morimoto, S. Crystallization of Δ1-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) synthase from Cannabis sativa. Acta Crystallogr. Sect. F Struct. Biol. Cryst. Commun. 61 (2005) 799–801. [DOI] [PMID: 16511162]
4.  Shoyama, Y., Tamada, T., Kurihara, K., Takeuchi, A., Taura, F., Arai, S., Blaber, M., Shoyama, Y., Morimoto, S. and Kuroki, R. Structure and function of 1-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) synthase, the enzyme controlling the psychoactivity of Cannabis sativa. J. Mol. Biol. 423 (2012) 96–105. [DOI] [PMID: 22766313]
[EC created 2012]

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