The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: phytoene desaturase (lycopene-forming)
Reaction: 15-cis-phytoene + 4 acceptor = all-trans-lycopene + 4 reduced acceptor (overall reaction)
(1a) 15-cis-phytoene + acceptor = all-trans-phytofluene + reduced acceptor
(1b) all-trans-phytofluene + acceptor = all-trans-ζ-carotene + reduced acceptor
(1c) all-trans-ζ-carotene + acceptor = all-trans-neurosporene + reduced acceptor
(1d) all-trans-neurosporene + acceptor = all-trans-lycopene + reduced acceptor
For diagram of carotenoid biosynthesis, click here
Other name(s): 4-step phytoene desaturase; four-step phytoene desaturase; phytoene desaturase (ambiguous); CrtI (ambiguous)
Systematic name: 15-cis-phytoene:acceptor oxidoreductase (lycopene-forming)
Comments: Requires FAD. The enzyme is involved in carotenoid biosynthesis and catalyses up to four desaturation steps (cf. EC [phytoene desaturase (neurosporene-forming)], EC [phytoene desaturase (ζ-carotene-forming)] and EC [phytoene desaturase (3,4-didehydrolycopene-forming)]).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Fraser, P.D., Misawa, N., Linden, H., Yamano, S., Kobayashi, K. and Sandmann, G. Expression in Escherichia coli, purification, and reactivation of the recombinant Erwinia uredovora phytoene desaturase. J. Biol. Chem. 267 (1992) 19891–19895. [PMID: 1400305]
[EC created 2011]

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