The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: tryptophan 2-C-methyltransferase
Reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + L-tryptophan = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + L-2-methyltryptophan
Other name(s): tsrM (gene name); tryptophan 2-methyltransferase; S-adenosylmethionine:tryptophan 2-methyltransferase
Systematic name: S-adenosyl-L-methionine:L-tryptophan 2-C-methyltransferase
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the bacterium Streptomyces laurentii, is involved in thiostrepton biosynthesis. It is a radical SAM enzyme that contains a [4Fe-4S] center and a cobalamin cofactor. The enzyme first transfers the methyl group from SAM to the bound cobalamin, followed by transfer from methylcobalamin to L-tryptophan, resulting in retention of the original methyl group configuration. The second transfer is likely to involve a CH3 radical species formed from methylcobalamin by the concerted action of a partially ligated radical SAM [4Fe-4S]2+/1+ center.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 126626-83-3
1.  Frenzel, T., Zhou, P. and Floss, H.G. Formation of 2-methyltryptophan in the biosynthesis of thiostrepton: isolation of S-adenosylmethionine:tryptophan 2-methyltransferase. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 278 (1990) 35–40. [DOI] [PMID: 2321967]
2.  Pierre, S., Guillot, A., Benjdia, A., Sandstrom, C., Langella, P. and Berteau, O. Thiostrepton tryptophan methyltransferase expands the chemistry of radical SAM enzymes. Nat. Chem. Biol. 8 (2012) 957–959. [DOI] [PMID: 23064318]
3.  Blaszczyk, A.J., Silakov, A., Zhang, B., Maiocco, S.J., Lanz, N.D., Kelly, W.L., Elliott, S.J., Krebs, C. and Booker, S.J. Spectroscopic and Electrochemical Characterization of the Iron-Sulfur and Cobalamin Cofactors of TsrM, an Unusual Radical S-Adenosylmethionine Methylase. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138 (2016) 3416–3426. [DOI] [PMID: 26841310]
4.  Blaszczyk, A.J., Wang, B., Silakov, A., Ho, J.V. and Booker, S.J. Efficient methylation of C2 in L-tryptophan by the cobalamin-dependent radical S-adenosylmethionine methylase TsrM requires an unmodified N1 amine. J. Biol. Chem. 292 (2017) 15456–15467. [DOI] [PMID: 28747433]
[EC created 1992]

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