The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: 23S rRNA (guanine748-N1)-methyltransferase
Reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + guanine748 in 23S rRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + N1-methylguanine748 in 23S rRNA
Other name(s): Rlma(II); Rlma2; 23S rRNA m1G748 methyltransferase; RlmaII; Rlma II; tylosin-resistance methyltransferase RlmA(II); TlrB; rRNA large subunit methyltransferase II
Systematic name: S-adenosyl-L-methionine:23S rRNA (guanine748-N1)-methyltransferase
Comments: The enzyme specifically methylates guanine748 at N1 in 23S rRNA. The methyltransferase RlmAII confers resistance to the macrolide antibiotic tylosin in the drug-producing strain Streptomyces fradiae [1].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Douthwaite, S., Crain, P.F., Liu, M. and Poehlsgaard, J. The tylosin-resistance methyltransferase RlmAII (TlrB) modifies the N-1 position of 23S rRNA nucleotide G748. J. Mol. Biol. 337 (2004) 1073–1077. [DOI] [PMID: 15046978]
2.  Liu, M., Kirpekar, F., Van Wezel, G.P. and Douthwaite, S. The tylosin resistance gene tlrB of Streptomyces fradiae encodes a methyltransferase that targets G748 in 23S rRNA. Mol. Microbiol. 37 (2000) 811–820. [DOI] [PMID: 10972803]
3.  Lebars, I., Yoshizawa, S., Stenholm, A.R., Guittet, E., Douthwaite, S. and Fourmy, D. Structure of 23S rRNA hairpin 35 and its interaction with the tylosin-resistance methyltransferase RlmAII. EMBO J. 22 (2003) 183–192. [DOI] [PMID: 12514124]
4.  Lebars, I., Husson, C., Yoshizawa, S., Douthwaite, S. and Fourmy, D. Recognition elements in rRNA for the tylosin resistance methyltransferase RlmAII. J. Mol. Biol. 372 (2007) 525–534. [DOI] [PMID: 17673230]
5.  Douthwaite, S., Jakobsen, L., Yoshizawa, S. and Fourmy, D. Interaction of the tylosin-resistance methyltransferase RlmAII at its rRNA target differs from the orthologue RlmAI. J. Mol. Biol. 378 (2008) 969–975. [DOI] [PMID: 18406425]
6.  Liu, M. and Douthwaite, S. Methylation at nucleotide G745 or G748 in 23S rRNA distinguishes Gram-negative from Gram-positive bacteria. Mol. Microbiol. 44 (2002) 195–204. [DOI] [PMID: 11967079]
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