The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: methoxylated aromatic compound—corrinoid protein Co-methyltransferase
Reaction: a methoxylated aromatic compound + a [Co(I) methoxylated-aromatic-compound-specific corrinoid protein] = a [methyl-Co(III) methoxylated-aromatic-compound-specific corrinoid protein] + a phenol
Other name(s): mtoB (gene name); mtvB (gene name); vdmB (gene name)
Systematic name: methoxylated aromatic compound:cobamide Co-methyltransferase
Comments: This entry stands for a family of enzymes that have been characterized from acetogenic bacteria and archaeal species. Different members of this family have different substrate specificity. In the methanogenic archaeon Methermicoccus shengliensis the enzyme participates in methanogenesis from methoxylated aromatic compounds, while in acetogenic bacteria and in non-methanogenic archaea it participates in methoxydotrophic growth. Most of the enzymes have a wide specificity and were shown to act on a large number of methoxylated aromatic compounds, carrying a methoxy group at positions 2, 3 or 4 of the aromatic ring. Methylation of the corrinoid protein requires the central cobalt to be in the Co(I) state; during methylation the cobalt is oxidized to the Co(III) state.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Kaufmann, F., Wohlfarth, G. and Diekert, G. O-demethylase from Acetobacterium dehalogenans—substrate specificity and function of the participating proteins. Eur. J. Biochem. 253 (1998) 706–711. [DOI] [PMID: 9654069]
2.  Engelmann, T., Kaufmann, F. and Diekert, G. Isolation and characterization of a veratrol:corrinoid protein methyl transferase from Acetobacterium dehalogenans. Arch. Microbiol. 175 (2001) 376–383. [DOI] [PMID: 11409548]
3.  Naidu, D. and Ragsdale, S.W. Characterization of a three-component vanillate O-demethylase from Moorella thermoacetica. J. Bacteriol. 183 (2001) 3276–3281. [DOI] [PMID: 11344134]
4.  Pierce, E., Xie, G., Barabote, R.D., Saunders, E., Han, C.S., Detter, J.C., Richardson, P., Brettin, T.S., Das, A., Ljungdahl, L.G. and Ragsdale, S.W. The complete genome sequence of Moorella thermoacetica (f. Clostridium thermoaceticum). Environ. Microbiol. 10 (2008) 2550–2573. [DOI] [PMID: 18631365]
5.  Kurth, J.M., Nobu, M.K., Tamaki, H., de Jonge, N., Berger, S., Jetten, M.SM., Yamamoto, K., Mayumi, D., Sakata, S., Bai, L., Cheng, L., Nielsen, J.L., Kamagata, Y., Wagner, T. and Welte, C.U. Methanogenic archaea use a bacteria-like methyltransferase system to demethoxylate aromatic compounds. ISME J. 15 (2021) 3549–3565. [DOI] [PMID: 34145392]
6.  Welte, C.U., de Graaf, R., Dalcin Martins, P., Jansen, R.S., Jetten, M.SM. and Kurth, J.M. A novel methoxydotrophic metabolism discovered in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Archaeoglobus fulgidus. Environ. Microbiol. 23 (2021) 4017–4033. [DOI] [PMID: 33913565]
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