The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: small RNA 2′-O-methyltransferase
Reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + an [sRNA]-3′-end ribonucleotide = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + an [sRNA]-3′-end 2′-O-methylated ribonucleotide
Glossary: sRNA = small RNA
Other name(s): HENMT1 (gene name); HEN1 (gene name)
Systematic name: S-adenosyl-L-methionine:[sRNA]-3′-end ribonucleotide 2′-O-methyltransferase
Comments: The enzyme adds a 2′-O-methyl group to the ribose of the last nucleotide in several types of small RNAs (sRNAs), protecting the 3′-end of sRNAs from uridylation activity and subsequent degradation.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Park, W., Li, J., Song, R., Messing, J. and Chen, X. CARPEL FACTORY, a Dicer homolog, and HEN1, a novel protein, act in microRNA metabolism in Arabidopsis thaliana. Curr. Biol. 12 (2002) 1484–1495. [DOI] [PMID: 12225663]
2.  Yu, B., Yang, Z., Li, J., Minakhina, S., Yang, M., Padgett, R.W., Steward, R. and Chen, X. Methylation as a crucial step in plant microRNA biogenesis. Science 307 (2005) 932–935. [DOI] [PMID: 15705854]
3.  Kirino, Y. and Mourelatos, Z. 2′-O-methyl modification in mouse piRNAs and its methylase. Nucleic Acids Symp Ser (Oxf) (2007) 417–418. [DOI] [PMID: 18029764]
4.  Huang, Y., Ji, L., Huang, Q., Vassylyev, D.G., Chen, X. and Ma, J.B. Structural insights into mechanisms of the small RNA methyltransferase HEN1. Nature 461 (2009) 823–827. [DOI] [PMID: 19812675]
5.  Peng, L., Zhang, F., Shang, R., Wang, X., Chen, J., Chou, J.J., Ma, J., Wu, L. and Huang, Y. Identification of substrates of the small RNA methyltransferase Hen1 in mouse spermatogonial stem cells and analysis of its methyl-transfer domain. J. Biol. Chem. 293 (2018) 9981–9994. [DOI] [PMID: 29703750]
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