The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: inositol phosphorylceramide mannosyltransferase
Reaction: GDP-α-D-mannose + a (4R)-4-hydroxy-N-[(2R)-2-hydroxy-very-long-chain-acyl]-1-O-[(1D-myo-inositol-1-O-yl)hydroxyphosphoryl]sphinganine = a (4R)-4-hydroxy-N-[(2R)-2-hydroxy-very-long-chain-acyl]-1-O-{[6-O-(α-D-mannosyl)-1D-myo-inositol-1-O-yl]hydroxyphosphoryl}sphinganine + GDP
Glossary: a (4R)-4-hydroxy-N-[(2R)-2-hydroxy-very-long-chain-acyl]-1-O-[(1D-myo-inositol-1-O-yl)hydroxyphosphoryl]sphinganine = a very-long-chain inositol phospho-α hydroxyphytoceramide = IPC
a (4R)-4-hydroxy-N-[(2R)-2-hydroxy-very-long-chain-acyl]-1-O-{[6-O-(α-D-mannosyl)-1D-myo-inositol-1-O-yl]hydroxyphosphoryl}sphinganine = a very-long-chain mannosylinositol phospho-α-hydroxyphytoceramide = MIPC
Other name(s): SUR1 (gene name); CSH1 (gene name)
Systematic name: GDP-α-D-mannose:(4R)-4-hydroxy-N-[(2R)-2-hydroxy-very-long-chain-acyl]-1-O-[(1D-myo-inositol-1-O-yl)hydroxyphosphoryl]sphinganine mannosyltransferase (configuration-retaining)
Comments: The simplest complex sphingolipid of yeast, inositol-phospho-α-hydroxyphytoceramide (IPC), is usually mannosylated to yield mannosyl-inositol-phospho-α hydroxyphytoceramide (MIPC). The enzyme is located in the Golgi apparatus, and utilizes GDP-mannose as the mannosyl group donor. It consists of a catalytic subunit (SUR1 or CSH1) and a regulatory subunit (CSG2).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Beeler, T.J., Fu, D., Rivera, J., Monaghan, E., Gable, K. and Dunn, T.M. SUR1 (CSG1/BCL21), a gene necessary for growth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in the presence of high Ca2+ concentrations at 37 degrees C, is required for mannosylation of inositolphosphorylceramide. Mol. Gen. Genet. 255 (1997) 570–579. [DOI] [PMID: 9323360]
2.  Dean, N., Zhang, Y.B. and Poster, J.B. The VRG4 gene is required for GDP-mannose transport into the lumen of the Golgi in the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J. Biol. Chem. 272 (1997) 31908–31914. [DOI] [PMID: 9395539]
3.  Uemura, S., Kihara, A., Inokuchi, J. and Igarashi, Y. Csg1p and newly identified Csh1p function in mannosylinositol phosphorylceramide synthesis by interacting with Csg2p. J. Biol. Chem. 278 (2003) 45049–45055. [DOI] [PMID: 12954640]
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