The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: β-ribofuranosylphenol 5′-phosphate synthase
Reaction: 5-phospho-α-D-ribose 1-diphosphate + 4-hydroxybenzoate = 4-(β-D-ribofuranosyl)phenol 5′-phosphate + CO2 + diphosphate
For diagram of methanopterin biosynthesis (part 2), click here
Other name(s): β-RFAP synthase (incorrect); β-RFA-P synthase (incorrect); AF2089 (gene name); MJ1427 (gene name); β-ribofuranosylhydroxybenzene 5′-phosphate synthase; 4-(β-D-ribofuranosyl)aminobenzene 5′-phosphate synthase (incorrect); β-ribofuranosylaminobenzene 5′-phosphate synthase (incorrect); 5-phospho-α-D-ribose 1-diphosphate:4-aminobenzoate 5-phospho-β-D-ribofuranosyltransferase (decarboxylating) (incorrect)
Systematic name: 5-phospho-α-D-ribose-1-diphosphate:4-hydroxybenzoate 5-phospho-β-D-ribofuranosyltransferase (decarboxylating)
Comments: The enzyme is involved in biosynthesis of tetrahydromethanopterin in archaea. It can utilize both 4-hydroxybenzoate and 4-aminobenzoate as substrates, but only the former is known to be produced by methanogenic archaea [4]. The activity is dependent on Mg2+ or Mn2+ [1].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Rasche, M.E. and White, R.H. Mechanism for the enzymatic formation of 4-(β-D-ribofuranosyl)aminobenzene 5′-phosphate during the biosynthesis of methanopterin. Biochemistry 37 (1998) 11343–11351. [DOI] [PMID: 9698382]
2.  Scott, J.W. and Rasche, M.E. Purification, overproduction, and partial characterization of β-RFAP synthase, a key enzyme in the methanopterin biosynthesis pathway. J. Bacteriol. 184 (2002) 4442–4448. [DOI] [PMID: 12142414]
3.  Dumitru, R.V. and Ragsdale, S.W. Mechanism of 4-(β-D-ribofuranosyl)aminobenzene 5′-phosphate synthase, a key enzyme in the methanopterin biosynthetic pathway. J. Biol. Chem. 279 (2004) 39389–39395. [DOI] [PMID: 15262968]
4.  White, R.H. The conversion of a phenol to an aniline occurs in the biochemical formation of the 1-(4-aminophenyl)-1-deoxy-D-ribitol moiety in methanopterin. Biochemistry 50 (2011) 6041–6052. [DOI] [PMID: 21634403]
5.  Bechard, M.E., Farahani, P., Greene, D., Pham, A., Orry, A. and Rasche, M.E. Purification, kinetic characterization, and site-directed mutagenesis of Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus RFAP synthase produced in Escherichia coli. AIMS Microbiol 5 (2019) 186–204. [DOI] [PMID: 31663056]
[EC created 2013, modified 2014, modified 2015]

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