The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: cysteine-dependent adenosine diphosphate thiazole synthase
Reaction: NAD+ + glycine + [ADP-thiazole synthase]-L-cysteine = nicotinamide + ADP-5-ethyl-4-methylthiazole-2-carboxylate + [ADP-thiazole synthase]-dehydroalanine + 3 H2O
Other name(s): THI4 (gene name) (ambiguous); THI1 (gene name); ADP-thiazole synthase
Systematic name: NAD+:glycine ADP-D-ribosyltransferase (dehydroalanine-producing)
Comments: This iron dependent enzyme, found in fungi, plants, and some archaea, is involved in the thiamine phosphate biosynthesis pathway. It is a single turn-over enzyme since the cysteine residue is not regenerated in vivo [3]. The homologous enzyme in archaea (EC, sulfide-dependent adenosine diphosphate thiazole synthase) uses sulfide as sulfur donor.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Godoi, P.H., Galhardo, R.S., Luche, D.D., Van Sluys, M.A., Menck, C.F. and Oliva, G. Structure of the thiazole biosynthetic enzyme THI1 from Arabidopsis thaliana. J. Biol. Chem. 281 (2006) 30957–30966. [DOI] [PMID: 16912043]
2.  Chatterjee, A., Abeydeera, N.D., Bale, S., Pai, P.J., Dorrestein, P.C., Russell, D.H., Ealick, S.E. and Begley, T.P. Saccharomyces cerevisiae THI4p is a suicide thiamine thiazole synthase. Nature 478 (2011) 542–546. [DOI] [PMID: 22031445]
3.  Zhang, X., Eser, B.E., Chanani, P.K., Begley, T.P. and Ealick, S.E. Structural basis for iron-mediated sulfur transfer in archael and yeast thiazole synthases. Biochemistry 55 (2016) 1826–1838. [DOI] [PMID: 26919468]
4.  Hwang, S., Cordova, B., Chavarria, N., Elbanna, D., McHugh, S., Rojas, J., Pfeiffer, F. and Maupin-Furlow, J.A. Conserved active site cysteine residue of archaeal THI4 homolog is essential for thiamine biosynthesis in Haloferax volcanii. BMC Microbiol. 14:260 (2014). [PMID: 25348237]
[EC created 2018]

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