The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: diacylglycerol kinase (ATP)
Reaction: ATP + 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol = ADP + 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate
Glossary: 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate = phosphatidate
Other name(s): diglyceride kinase (ambiguous); 1,2-diacylglycerol kinase (phosphorylating) (ambiguous); 1,2-diacylglycerol kinase (ambiguous); sn-1,2-diacylglycerol kinase (ambiguous); DG kinase (ambiguous); DGK (ambiguous); ATP:diacylglycerol phosphotransferase; arachidonoyl-specific diacylglycerol kinase; diacylglycerol:ATP kinase; ATP:1,2-diacylglycerol 3-phosphotransferase; diacylglycerol kinase (ATP dependent)
Systematic name: ATP:1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphotransferase
Comments: Involved in synthesis of membrane phospholipids and the neutral lipid triacylglycerol. Activity is stimulated by certain phospholipids [4,7]. In plants and animals the product 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate is an important second messenger. cf. EC, diacylglycerol kinase (CTP).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, Gene, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 60382-71-0
1.  Hokin, L.E. and Hokin, M.R. Diglyceride kinase and other pathways for phosphatidic acid synthesis in the erythrocyte membrane. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 67 (1963) 470–484. [PMID: 13961253]
2.  Weissbach, H., Thomas, E. and Kaback, H.R. Studies on the metabolism of ATP by isolated bacterial membranes: formation and metabolism of membrane-bound phosphatidic acid. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 147 (1971) 249–254. [DOI] [PMID: 4940043]
3.  Daleo, G.R., Piras, M.M. and Piras, R. Diglyceride kinase activity of microtubules. Characterization and comparison with the protein kinase and ATPase activities associated with vinblastine-isolated tubulin of chick embryonic muscles. Eur. J. Biochem. 68 (1976) 339–346. [DOI] [PMID: 185051]
4.  Walsh, J.P. and Bell, R.M. sn-1,2-Diacylglycerol kinase of Escherichia coli. Structural and kinetic analysis of the lipid cofactor dependence. J. Biol. Chem. 261 (1986) 15062–15069. [PMID: 3021764]
5.  Russ, E., Kaiser, U. and Sandermann, H., Jr. Lipid-dependent membrane enzymes. Purification to homogeneity and further characterization of diacylglycerol kinase from Escherichia coli. Eur. J. Biochem. 171 (1988) 335–342. [PMID: 2828054]
6.  Walsh, J.P. and Bell, R.M. Diacylglycerol kinase from Escherichia coli. Methods Enzymol. 209 (1992) 153–162. [DOI] [PMID: 1323028]
7.  Wissing, J.B. and Wagner, K.G. Diacylglycerol kinase from suspension cultured plant cells : characterization and subcellular localization. Plant Physiol. 98 (1992) 1148–1153. [PMID: 16668739]
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