Accepted name: phenol phosphorylase
Reaction: ATP + phenol + H2O = AMP + phenyl phosphate + phosphate
Other name(s): phenylphosphate synthase
Systematic name: ATP:phenol phosphotransferase (AMP-forming)
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the bacterium Thauera aromatica, catalyses the first step in an anaerobic phenol degradation pathway. The enzyme, composed of three subunits, transfers the β-phosphoryl from ATP to phenol, forming phenyl phosphate, AMP, and phosphate [1]. During catalysis a diphosphoryl group is transferred from ATP to a histidine residue in one of the enzyme's subunits, from which phosphate is cleaved to render the reaction unidirectional. The remaining histidine phosphate subsequently serves as the actual phosphorylation agent [2].
1.  Schmeling, S., Narmandakh, A., Schmitt, O., Gad'on, N., Schuhle, K. and Fuchs, G. Phenylphosphate synthase: a new phosphotransferase catalyzing the first step in anaerobic phenol metabolism in Thauera aromatica. J. Bacteriol. 186 (2004) 8044–8057. [PMID: 15547277]
2.  Narmandakh, A., Gad'on, N., Drepper, F., Knapp, B., Haehnel, W. and Fuchs, G. Phosphorylation of phenol by phenylphosphate synthase: role of histidine phosphate in catalysis. J. Bacteriol. 188 (2006) 7815–7822. [PMID: 16980461]
[EC created 2022]