The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: propanoyl-CoA:succinate CoA transferase
Reaction: propanoyl-CoA + succinate = propanoate + succinyl-CoA
Other name(s): succinyl-CoA:propionate CoA-transferase; propionyl-CoA:succinyl-CoA transferase; ASCT; scpC (gene name)
Systematic name: propanoyl-CoA:succinate CoA transferase
Comments: The enzyme is most specific in Escherichia coli, where the preferred substrates are propanoyl-CoA and succinate. In other organisms, the enzyme uses acetyl-CoA at the same rate as propanoyl-CoA (cf. EC, succinyl-CoA:acetate CoA-transferase).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Allen, S. H., Kellermeyer, R. W., Stjernholm, R. L., and Wood, H. G. Purification and properties of enzymes involved in the propionic acid fermentation. J. Bacteriol. 87 (1964) 171–187. [DOI] [PMID: 14102852]
2.  Schulz, T.KF. and Kluytmans, J.H. Pathway of propionate synthesis in the sea mussel Mytilus edulis L. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B. Comp. Biochem. 75 (1983) 365–372. [DOI]
3.  Haller, T., Buckel, T., Retey, J. and Gerlt, J.A. Discovering new enzymes and metabolic pathways: conversion of succinate to propionate by Escherichia coli. Biochemistry 39 (2000) 4622–4629. [DOI] [PMID: 10769117]
4.  van Grinsven, K.W., van Hellemond, J.J. and Tielens, A.G. Acetate:succinate CoA-transferase in the anaerobic mitochondria of Fasciola hepatica. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 164 (2009) 74–79. [DOI] [PMID: 19103231]
5.  Zhang, B., Lingga, C., Bowman, C. and Hackmann, T.J. A new pathway for forming acetate and synthesizing ATP during fermentation in bacteria. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 87 (2021) e0295920. [DOI] [PMID: 33931420]
[EC created 2022]

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