The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: carbon disulfide hydrolase
Reaction: carbon disulfide + 2 H2O = CO2 + 2 hydrogen sulfide (overall reaction)
(1a) carbon disulfide + H2O = carbonyl sulfide + hydrogen sulfide
(1b) carbonyl sulfide + H2O = CO2 + hydrogen sulfide
Other name(s): CS2 hydrolase (misleading); carbon disulfide lyase; CS2-converting enzyme; carbon disulphide-lyase (decarboxylating)
Systematic name: carbon-disulfide hydrogen-sulfide-lyase (decarboxylating)
Comments: The enzyme contains Zn2+. The hyperthermophilic archaeon Acidianus sp. A1-3 obtains energy by the conversion of carbon disulfide to hydrogen sulfide, with carbonyl sulfide as an intermediate.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Smeulders, M.J., Barends, T.R., Pol, A., Scherer, A., Zandvoort, M.H., Udvarhelyi, A., Khadem, A.F., Menzel, A., Hermans, J., Shoeman, R.L., Wessels, H.J., van den Heuvel, L.P., Russ, L., Schlichting, I., Jetten, M.S. and Op den Camp, H.J. Evolution of a new enzyme for carbon disulphide conversion by an acidothermophilic archaeon. Nature 478 (2011) 412–416. [DOI] [PMID: 22012399]
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