The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: adenine glycosylase
Reaction: Hydrolyses free adenine bases from 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine:adenine mismatched double-stranded DNA, leaving an apurinic site.
Other name(s): mutY (gene name); A/G-specific adenine glycosylase
Systematic name: adenine-DNA deoxyribohydrolase (adenine-releasing)
Comments: The enzyme serves as a mismatch repair enzyme that works to correct 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine:adenine mispairs that arise in DNA when error-prone synthesis occurs past 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (GO) lesions in DNA. The enzyme excises the adenine of the mispair, producing an apurinic site sensitive to AP endonuclease activity. After removing the undamaged adenine the enzyme remains bound to the site to prevent EC (MutM) from removing the GO lesion, which could lead to a double strand break. In vitro the enzyme is also active with adenine:guanine, adenine:cytosine, and adenine:7,8-dihydro-8-oxoadenine (AO) mispairs, removing the adenine in all cases.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Au, K.G., Clark, S., Miller, J.H. and Modrich, P. Escherichia coli mutY gene encodes an adenine glycosylase active on G-A mispairs. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 86 (1989) 8877–8881. [DOI] [PMID: 2682664]
2.  Michaels, M.L., Tchou, J., Grollman, A.P. and Miller, J.H. A repair system for 8-oxo-7,8-dihydrodeoxyguanine. Biochemistry 31 (1992) 10964–10968. [PMID: 1445834]
[EC created 2018]

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