The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: isochorismatase
Reaction: isochorismate + H2O = (2S,3S)-2,3-dihydroxy-2,3-dihydrobenzoate + pyruvate
For diagram of shikimate and chorismate biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: isochorismate = (5S,6S)-5-[(1-carboxyethenyl)oxy]-6-hydroxycyclohexa-1,3-diene-1-carboxylate
Other name(s): 2,3-dihydro-2,3-dihydroxybenzoate synthase; 2,3-dihydroxy-2,3-dihydrobenzoate synthase; 2,3-dihydroxy-2,3-dihydrobenzoic synthase
Systematic name: isochorismate pyruvate-hydrolase
Comments: The enzyme is involved in the biosynthesis of several siderophores, such as 2,3-dihydroxybenzoylglycine, enterobactin, bacillibactin, and vibriobactin.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 37288-64-5
1.  Young, I.G. and Gibson, F. Regulation of the enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid in Aerobacter aerogenes and Escherichia coli. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 177 (1969) 401–411. [DOI] [PMID: 4306838]
[EC created 1972]

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