Accepted name: proprotein convertase 2
Reaction: Release of protein hormones and neuropeptides from their precursors, generally by hydrolysis of -Lys-Arg┼ bonds
Other name(s): neuroendocrine convertase 2; PC2
Comments: A Ca2+-dependent enzyme, maximally active at about pH 5.5. Specificity is broader than that of prohormone convertase 1. Substrates include pro-opiomelanocortin, proenkephalin, prodynorphin, proglucagon, proinsulin and proluteinizing-hormone-releasing-hormone. Does not hydrolyse prorenin or prosomatostatin, however. Unusually, processing of prodynorphin occurs at a bond in which P2 is Thr. Present in the regulated secretory pathway of neuroendocrine cells, commonly acting co-operatively with prohormone convertase 1. In peptidase family S8 (subtilisin family)
1.  Seidah, N.G., Gaspar, L., Mion, P., Marcinkiewicz, M., Mbikay, M. and Chrétien, M. cDNA sequence of two distinct pituitary proteins homologous to Kex2 and furin gene products: tissue-specific mRNAs encoding candidates for pro-hormone processing proteinases. DNA Cell Biol. 9 (1990) 415–424. [PMID: 2169760]
2.  Smeekens, S.P. and Steiner, D.F. Identification of a human insulinoma cDNA encoding a novel mammalian protein structurally related to the yeast dibasic processing protease Kex2. J. Biol. Chem. 265 (1990) 2997–3000. [PMID: 2154467]
3.  Rouillé, Y., Westermark, G., Martin, S.K. and Steiner, D.F. Proglucagon is processed to glucagon by prohormone convertase PC2 in alphaTC1-6 cells. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91 (1994) 3242–3246. [PMID: 8159732]
4.  Seidah, N.G. and Chrétien, M. Pro-protein convertases of the subtilisin/kexin family. Methods Enzymol. 244 (1994) 175–188. [PMID: 7845206]
[EC created 1996]