The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: N-acetyl-1-D-myo-inositol-2-amino-2-deoxy-α-D-glucopyranoside deacetylase
Reaction: 1-O-(2-acetamido-2-deoxy-α-D-glucopyranosyl)-1D-myo-inositol + H2O = 1-O-(2-amino-2-deoxy-α-D-glucopyranosyl)-1D-myo-inositol + acetate
For diagram of mycothiol biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: mycothiol = 1-O-[2-(N2-acetyl-L-cysteinamido)-2-deoxy-α-D-glucopyranosyl]-1D-myo-inositol
Other name(s): MshB
Systematic name: 1-(2-acetamido-2-deoxy-α-D-glucopyranosyl)-1D-myo-inositol acetylhydrolase
Comments: This enzyme is considered the key enzyme and rate limiting step in the mycothiol biosynthesis pathway [1]. In addition to acetylase activity, the enzyme possesses weak activity of EC, mycothiol S-conjugate amidase, and shares sequence similarity with that enzyme [2]. The enzyme requires a divalent transition metal ion for activity, believed to be Zn2+ [3].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, Gene, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Rawat, M., Kovacevic, S., Billman-Jacobe, H. and Av-Gay, Y. Inactivation of mshB, a key gene in the mycothiol biosynthesis pathway in Mycobacterium smegmatis. Microbiology 149 (2003) 1341–1349. [DOI] [PMID: 12724395]
2.  Newton, G.L., Av-Gay, Y. and Fahey, R.C. N-Acetyl-1-D-myo-inosityl-2-amino-2-deoxy-α-D-glucopyranoside deacetylase (MshB) is a key enzyme in mycothiol biosynthesis. J. Bacteriol. 182 (2000) 6958–6963. [DOI] [PMID: 11092856]
3.  Maynes, J.T., Garen, C., Cherney, M.M., Newton, G., Arad, D., Av-Gay, Y., Fahey, R.C. and James, M.N. The crystal structure of 1-D-myo-inosityl 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-α-D-glucopyranoside deacetylase (MshB) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis reveals a zinc hydrolase with a lactate dehydrogenase fold. J. Biol. Chem. 278 (2003) 47166–47170. [DOI] [PMID: 12958317]
[EC created 2010]

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