The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: histone deacetylase
Reaction: Hydrolysis of an N6-acetyl-lysine residue of a histone to yield a deacetylated histone
Other name(s): HDAC
Systematic name: histone amidohydrolase
Comments: A class of enzymes that remove acetyl groups from N6-acetyl-lysine residues on a histone. The reaction of this enzyme is opposite to that of EC, histone acetyltransferase. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) can be organized into three classes, HDAC1, HDAC2 and HDAC3, depending on sequence similarity and domain organization. Histone acetylation plays an important role in regulation of gene expression. In eukaryotes, HDACs play a key role in the regulation of transcription and cell proliferation [4]. May be identical to EC, acyl-lysine deacylase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, Gene, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Krieger, D.E., Levine, R., Merrifield, R.B., Vidali, G. and Allfrey, V.G. Chemical studies of histone acetylation. Substrate specificity of a histone deacetylase from calf thymus nuclei. J. Biol. Chem. 249 (1974) 332–334. [PMID: 4855628]
2.  Sanchez del Pino, M.M., Lopez-Rodas, G., Sendra, R. and Tordera, V. Properties of the yeast nuclear histone deacetylase. Biochem. J. 303 (1994) 723–729. [PMID: 7980438]
3.  Ouaissi, M. and Ouaissi, A. Histone deacetylase enzymes as potential drug targets in cancer and parasitic diseases. J. Biomed. Biotechnol. 2006 (2006) 13474. [DOI] [PMID: 16883049]
4.  Song, Y.M., Kim, Y.S., Kim, D., Lee, D.S. and Kwon, H.J. Cloning, expression, and biochemical characterization of a new histone deacetylase-like protein from Thermus caldophilus GK24. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 361 (2007) 55–61. [DOI] [PMID: 17632079]
5.  Finnin, M.S., Donigian, J.R., Cohen, A., Richon, V.M., Rifkind, R.A., Marks, P.A., Breslow, R. and Pavletich, N.P. Structures of a histone deacetylase homologue bound to the TSA and SAHA inhibitors. Nature 401 (1999) 188–193. [DOI] [PMID: 10490031]
6.  Phiel, C.J., Zhang, F., Huang, E.Y., Guenther, M.G., Lazar, M.A. and Klein, P.S. Histone deacetylase is a direct target of valproic acid, a potent anticonvulsant, mood stabilizer, and teratogen. J. Biol. Chem. 276 (2001) 36734–36741. [DOI] [PMID: 11473107]
7.  de Ruijter, A.J., van Gennip, A.H., Caron, H.N., Kemp, S. and van Kuilenburg, A.B. Histone deacetylases (HDACs): characterization of the classical HDAC family. Biochem. J. 370 (2003) 737–749. [DOI] [PMID: 12429021]
[EC created 2008]

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