The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: 2-hydroxy-dATP diphosphatase
Reaction: 2-hydroxy-dATP + H2O = 2-hydroxy-dAMP + diphosphate
Other name(s): NUDT1; MTH1; MTH2; oxidized purine nucleoside triphosphatase; (2′-deoxy) ribonucleoside 5′-triphosphate pyrophosphohydrolase
Systematic name: 2-hydroxy-dATP diphosphohydrolase
Comments: The enzyme hydrolyses oxidized purine nucleoside triphosphates such as 2-hydroxy-dATP, thereby preventing their misincorporation into DNA. It can also recognize 8-oxo-dGTP and 8-oxo-dATP, but with lower efficiency (cf. EC, 8-oxo-dGTP diphosphatase) [3].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Sakumi, K., Furuichi, M., Tsuzuki, T., Kakuma, T., Kawabata, S., Maki, H. and Sekiguchi, M. Cloning and expression of cDNA for a human enzyme that hydrolyzes 8-oxo-dGTP, a mutagenic substrate for DNA synthesis. J. Biol. Chem. 268 (1993) 23524–23530. [PMID: 8226881]
2.  Kakuma, T., Nishida, J., Tsuzuki, T. and Sekiguchi, M. Mouse MTH1 protein with 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2′-deoxyguanosine 5′-triphosphatase activity that prevents transversion mutation. cDNA cloning and tissue distribution. J. Biol. Chem. 270 (1995) 25942–25948. [DOI] [PMID: 7592783]
3.  Fujikawa, K., Kamiya, H., Yakushiji, H., Fujii, Y., Nakabeppu, Y. and Kasai, H. The oxidized forms of dATP are substrates for the human MutT homologue, the hMTH1 protein. J. Biol. Chem. 274 (1999) 18201–18205. [DOI] [PMID: 10373420]
4.  Sakai, Y., Furuichi, M., Takahashi, M., Mishima, M., Iwai, S., Shirakawa, M. and Nakabeppu, Y. A molecular basis for the selective recognition of 2-hydroxy-dATP and 8-oxo-dGTP by human MTH1. J. Biol. Chem. 277 (2002) 8579–8587. [DOI] [PMID: 11756418]
5.  Fujikawa, K., Kamiya, H., Yakushiji, H., Nakabeppu, Y. and Kasai, H. Human MTH1 protein hydrolyzes the oxidized ribonucleotide, 2-hydroxy-ATP. Nucleic Acids Res. 29 (2001) 449–454. [DOI] [PMID: 11139615]
[EC created 2011]

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