The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: XTP/dITP diphosphatase
Reaction: (1) XTP + H2O = XMP + diphosphate
(2) dITP + H2O = dIMP + diphosphate
(3) ITP + H2O = IMP + diphosphate
Other name(s): hypoxanthine/xanthine dNTP pyrophosphatase; rdgB (gene name)
Systematic name: XTP/dITP diphosphohydrolase (diphosphate-forming)
Comments: The enzymes from the bacterium Escherichia coli and the archaea Methanococcus jannaschii and Archaeoglobus fulgidus are highly specific for XTP, dITP and ITP. The activity is dependent on divalent cations, Mg2+ is preferred.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Hwang, K.Y., Chung, J.H., Kim, S.H., Han, Y.S. and Cho, Y. Structure-based identification of a novel NTPase from Methanococcus jannaschii. Nat. Struct. Biol. 6 (1999) 691–696. [DOI] [PMID: 10404228]
2.  Chung, J.H., Back, J.H., Park, Y.I. and Han, Y.S. Biochemical characterization of a novel hypoxanthine/xanthine dNTP pyrophosphatase from Methanococcus jannaschii. Nucleic Acids Res. 29 (2001) 3099–3107. [DOI] [PMID: 11452035]
3.  Chung, J.H., Park, H.Y., Lee, J.H. and Jang, Y. Identification of the dITP- and XTP-hydrolyzing protein from Escherichia coli. J. Biochem. Mol. Biol. 35 (2002) 403–408. [PMID: 12297000]
4.  Savchenko, A., Proudfoot, M., Skarina, T., Singer, A., Litvinova, O., Sanishvili, R., Brown, G., Chirgadze, N. and Yakunin, A.F. Molecular basis of the antimutagenic activity of the house-cleaning inosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase RdgB from Escherichia coli. J. Mol. Biol. 374 (2007) 1091–1103. [DOI] [PMID: 17976651]
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