The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: 2-hydroxy-6-oxonona-2,4-dienedioate hydrolase
Reaction: (1) (2Z,4E)-2-hydroxy-6-oxonona-2,4-diene-1,9-dioate + H2O = (2Z)-2-hydroxypenta-2,4-dienoate + succinate
(2) (2Z,4E,7E)-2-hydroxy-6-oxonona-2,4,7-triene-1,9-dioate + H2O = (2Z)-2-hydroxypenta-2,4-dienoate + fumarate
For diagram of 3-phenylpropanoate catabolism, click here and for diagram of cinnamate catabolism, click here
Other name(s): mhpC (gene name)
Systematic name: (2Z,4E)-2-hydroxy-6-oxona-2,4-dienedioate succinylhydrolase
Comments: This enzyme catalyses a step in a pathway of phenylpropanoid compounds degradation. The first step of the enzyme mechanism involves a reversible keto-enol tautomerization [4].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EAWAG-BBD, EXPASY, Gene, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Burlingame, R. and Chapman, P.J. Catabolism of phenylpropionic acid and its 3-hydroxy derivative by Escherichia coli. J. Bacteriol. 155 (1983) 113–121. [PMID: 6345502]
2.  Burlingame, R.P., Wyman, L. and Chapman, P.J. Isolation and characterization of Escherichia coli mutants defective for phenylpropionate degradation. J. Bacteriol. 168 (1986) 55–64. [DOI] [PMID: 3531186]
3.  Lam, W. W. Y and Bugg, T. D. H. Chemistry of extradiol aromatic ring cleavage: isolation of a stable dienol ring fission intermediate and stereochemistry of its enzymatic hydrolytic clevage. J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 10 (1994) 1163–1164.
4.  Lam, W.W. and Bugg, T.D. Purification, characterization, and stereochemical analysis of a C-C hydrolase: 2-hydroxy-6-keto-nona-2,4-diene-1,9-dioic acid 5,6-hydrolase. Biochemistry 36 (1997) 12242–12251. [DOI] [PMID: 9315862]
5.  Ferrández, A., García, J.L. and Díaz, E. Genetic characterization and expression in heterologous hosts of the 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propionate catabolic pathway of Escherichia coli K-12. J. Bacteriol. 179 (1997) 2573–2581. [DOI] [PMID: 9098055]
6.  Díaz, E., Ferrández, A. and García, J.L. Characterization of the hca cluster encoding the dioxygenolytic pathway for initial catabolism of 3-phenylpropionic acid in Escherichia coli K-12. J. Bacteriol. 180 (1998) 2915–2923. [PMID: 9603882]
[EC created 2011, modified 2012]

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