The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: fructose-bisphosphate aldolase
Reaction: D-fructose 1,6-bisphosphate = glycerone phosphate + D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate
For diagram of the pentose phosphate pathway (later stages), click here and for mechanism, click here; for diagrams of the Calvin cycle, click here and glycolysis, click here
Glossary: glycerone phosphate = dihydroxyacetone phosphate = 3-hydroxy-2-oxopropyl phosphate
Other name(s): aldolase; fructose-1,6-bisphosphate triosephosphate-lyase; fructose diphosphate aldolase; diphosphofructose aldolase; fructose 1,6-diphosphate aldolase; ketose 1-phosphate aldolase; phosphofructoaldolase; zymohexase; fructoaldolase; fructose 1-phosphate aldolase; fructose 1-monophosphate aldolase; 1,6-diphosphofructose aldolase; SMALDO; D-fructose-1,6-bisphosphate D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate-lyase
Systematic name: D-fructose-1,6-bisphosphate D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate-lyase (glycerone-phosphate-forming)
Comments: Also acts on (3S,4R)-ketose 1-phosphates. The yeast and bacterial enzymes are zinc proteins. The enzymes increase electron-attraction by the carbonyl group, some (Class I) forming a protonated imine with it, others (Class II), mainly of microbial origin, polarizing it with a metal ion, e.g. zinc.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, Gene, GTD, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9024-52-6
1.  Horecker, B.L., Tsolas, O. and Lai, C.Y. Aldolases. In: Boyer, P.D. (Ed.), The Enzymes, 3rd edn, vol. 7, Academic Press, New York, 1972, pp. 213–258.
2.  Alefounder, P.R., Baldwin, S.A., Perham, R.N., Short, N.J. Cloning, sequence analysis and over-expression of the gene for the class II fructose 1,6-bisphosphate aldolase of Escherichia coli. Biochem. J. 257 (1989) 529–534. [PMID: 2649077]
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