The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: rhamnogalacturonan exolyase
Reaction: Exotype eliminative cleavage of α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→4)-α-D-galactopyranosyluronic acid bonds of rhamnogalacturonan I oligosaccharides containing α-L-rhamnopyranose at the reducing end and 4-deoxy-4,5-unsaturated D-galactopyranosyluronic acid at the non-reducing end. The products are the disaccharide 2-O-(4-deoxy-β-L-threo-hex-4-enopyranuronosyl)-α-L-rhamnopyranose and the shortened rhamnogalacturonan oligosaccharide containing one 4-deoxy-4,5-unsaturated D-galactopyranosyluronic acid at the non-reducing end.
For diagram of ramnosylgalacturan degradation, click here
Glossary: 6-deoxy-2-O-(4-deoxy-β-L-threo-hex-4-enopyranuronosyl)-α-L-mannopyranose = 2-O-(4-deoxy-β-L-threo-hex-4-enopyranuronosyl)-α-L-rhamnopyranose
Other name(s): YesX
Systematic name: α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→4)-α-D-galactopyranosyluronate exolyase
Comments: The enzyme is part of the degradation system for rhamnogalacturonan I in Bacillus subtilis strain 168.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, Gene, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Ochiai, A., Itoh, T., Mikami, B., Hashimoto, W. and Murata, K. Structural determinants responsible for substrate recognition and mode of action in family 11 polysaccharide lyases. J. Biol. Chem. 284 (2009) 10181–10189. [DOI] [PMID: 19193638]
2.  Ochiai, A., Itoh, T., Kawamata, A., Hashimoto, W. and Murata, K. Plant cell wall degradation by saprophytic Bacillus subtilis strains: gene clusters responsible for rhamnogalacturonan depolymerization. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 73 (2007) 3803–3813. [DOI] [PMID: 17449691]
[EC created 2011]

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