The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: (3R)-3-[(carboxylmethyl)amino]fatty acid synthase
Reaction: (3R)-3-[(carboxylmethyl)amino]fatty acid + an [acyl-carrier protein] = a (2E)-unsaturated fatty acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + glycine + H2O
Other name(s): scoD (gene name); mmaD (gene name)
Systematic name: (3R)-3-[(carboxylmethyl)amino]fatty acid glycine-lyase ((2E)-unsaturated fatty acyl-[acyl-carrier protein]-forming)
Comments: The enzyme, found in some actinobacterial species, participates in the biosynthesis of isonitrile-containing lipopeptides. It catalyses the formation of (3R)-3-[(carboxylmethyl)amino]fatty acid by the addition of glycine and the release of the product from the acyl-carrier protein.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Harris, N.C., Sato, M., Herman, N.A., Twigg, F., Cai, W., Liu, J., Zhu, X., Downey, J., Khalaf, R., Martin, J., Koshino, H. and Zhang, W. Biosynthesis of isonitrile lipopeptides by conserved nonribosomal peptide synthetase gene clusters in Actinobacteria. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 114 (2017) 7025–7030. [DOI] [PMID: 28634299]
2.  Harris, N.C., Born, D.A., Cai, W., Huang, Y., Martin, J., Khalaf, R., Drennan, C.L. and Zhang, W. Isonitrile formation by a non-heme iron(II)-dependent oxidase/decarboxylase. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 57 (2018) 9707–9710. [DOI] [PMID: 29906336]
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