The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: β-amyrin synthase
Reaction: (3S)-2,3-epoxy-2,3-dihydrosqualene = β-amyrin
For diagram of beta-amyrin and soysapogenol biosynthesis, click here
Other name(s): 2,3-oxidosqualene β-amyrin cyclase; AsbAS1; BPY; EtAS; GgbAS1; LjAMY1; MtAMY1; PNY; BgbAS
Systematic name: (3S)-2,3-epoxy-2,3-dihydrosqualene mutase (cyclizing, β-amyrin-forming)
Comments: Some organism possess a monofunctional β-amyrin synthase [3,4,6-11], other have a multifunctional enzyme that also catalyses the synthesis of α-amyrin (EC [5] or lupeol (EC [6].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Abe, I, Ebizuka, Y., Seo, S. and Sankawa, U. Purification of squalene-2,3-epoxide cyclases from cell suspension cultures of Rabdosia japonica Hara. FEBS Lett. 249 (1989) 100–104.
2.  Abe, I., Sankawa, U. and Ebizuka, Y. Purification of 2,3-oxdosqualene:β-amyrin cyclase from pea seedlings. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 37 (1989) 536.
3.  Kushiro, T., Shibuya, M. and Ebizuka, Y. β-Amyrin synthase-cloning of oxidosqualene cyclase that catalyzes the formation of the most popular triterpene among higher plants. Eur. J. Biochem. 256 (1998) 238–244. [DOI] [PMID: 9746369]
4.  Hayashi, H., Huang, P., Kirakosyan, A., Inoue, K., Hiraoka, N., Ikeshiro, Y., Kushiro, T., Shibuya, M. and Ebizuka, Y. Cloning and characterization of a cDNA encoding β-amyrin synthase involved in glycyrrhizin and soyasaponin biosyntheses in licorice. Biol. Pharm. Bull. 24 (2001) 912–916. [PMID: 11510484]
5.  Husselstein-Muller, T., Schaller, H. and Benveniste, P. Molecular cloning and expression in yeast of 2,3-oxidosqualene-triterpenoid cyclases from Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Mol. Biol. 45 (2001) 75–92. [PMID: 11247608]
6.  Iturbe-Ormaetxe, I., Haralampidis, K., Papadopoulou, K. and Osbourn, A.E. Molecular cloning and characterization of triterpene synthases from Medicago truncatula and Lotus japonicus. Plant Mol. Biol. 51 (2003) 731–743. [PMID: 12683345]
7.  Zhang, H., Shibuya, M., Yokota, S. and Ebizuka, Y. Oxidosqualene cyclases from cell suspension cultures of Betula platyphylla var. japonica: molecular evolution of oxidosqualene cyclases in higher plants. Biol. Pharm. Bull. 26 (2003) 642–650. [PMID: 12736505]
8.  Hayashi, H., Huang, P., Takada, S., Obinata, M., Inoue, K., Shibuya, M. and Ebizuka, Y. Differential expression of three oxidosqualene cyclase mRNAs in Glycyrrhiza glabra. Biol. Pharm. Bull. 27 (2004) 1086–1092. [PMID: 15256745]
9.  Kajikawa, M., Yamato, K.T., Fukuzawa, H., Sakai, Y., Uchida, H. and Ohyama, K. Cloning and characterization of a cDNA encoding β-amyrin synthase from petroleum plant Euphorbia tirucalli L. Phytochemistry 66 (2005) 1759–1766. [DOI] [PMID: 16005035]
10.  Basyuni, M., Oku, H., Tsujimoto, E., Kinjo, K., Baba, S. and Takara, K. Triterpene synthases from the Okinawan mangrove tribe, Rhizophoraceae. FEBS J. 274 (2007) 5028–5042. [DOI] [PMID: 17803686]
11.  Liu, Y., Cai, Y., Zhao, Z., Wang, J., Li, J., Xin, W., Xia, G. and Xiang, F. Cloning and functional analysis of a β-amyrin synthase gene associated with oleanolic acid biosynthesis in Gentiana straminea MAXIM. Biol. Pharm. Bull. 32 (2009) 818–824. [PMID: 19420748]
[EC created 2011]

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