The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: E1 ubiquitin-activating enzyme
Reaction: ATP + ubiquitin + [E1 ubiquitin-activating enzyme]-L-cysteine = AMP + diphosphate + S-ubiquitinyl-[E1 ubiquitin-activating enzyme]-L-cysteine
Other name(s): ubiquitin activating enzyme; E1; ubiquitin-activating enzyme E1
Systematic name: ubiquitin:[E1 ubiquitin-activating enzyme] ligase (AMP-forming)
Comments: Catalyses the ATP-dependent activation of ubiquitin through the formation of a thioester bond between the C-terminal glycine of ubiquitin and the sulfhydryl side group of a cysteine residue in the E1 protein. The two-step reaction consists of the ATP-dependent formation of an E1-ubiquitin adenylate intermediate in which the C-terminal glycine of ubiquitin is bound to AMP via an acyl-phosphate linkage, then followed by the conversion to an E1-ubiquitin thioester bond via the cysteine residue on E1 in the second step.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Haas, A.L., Warms, J.V., Hershko, A. and Rose, I.A. Ubiquitin-activating enzyme. Mechanism and role in protein-ubiquitin conjugation. J. Biol. Chem. 257 (1982) 2543–2548. [PMID: 6277905]
2.  Huzil, J.T., Pannu, R., Ptak, C., Garen, G. and Ellison, M.J. Direct catalysis of lysine 48-linked polyubiquitin chains by the ubiquitin-activating enzyme. J. Biol. Chem. 282 (2007) 37454–37460. [DOI] [PMID: 17951259]
3.  Zheng, M., Liu, J., Yang, Z., Gu, X., Li, F., Lou, T., Ji, C. and Mao, Y. Expression, purification and characterization of human ubiquitin-activating enzyme, UBE1. Mol. Biol. Rep. 37 (2010) 1413–1419. [DOI] [PMID: 19343538]
4.  Carvalho, A.F., Pinto, M.P., Grou, C.P., Vitorino, R., Domingues, P., Yamao, F., Sa-Miranda, C. and Azevedo, J.E. High-yield expression in Escherichia coli and purification of mouse ubiquitin-activating enzyme E1. Mol Biotechnol 51 (2012) 254–261. [DOI] [PMID: 22012022]
[EC created 2015]

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