The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: glutamate—cysteine ligase
Reaction: ATP + L-glutamate + L-cysteine = ADP + phosphate + γ-L-glutamyl-L-cysteine
For diagram of glutathione biosynthesis, click here
Other name(s): γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase; γ-glutamyl-L-cysteine synthetase; γ-glutamylcysteinyl synthetase
Systematic name: L-glutamate:L-cysteine γ-ligase (ADP-forming)
Comments: Can use L-aminohexanoate in place of glutamate.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9023-64-7
1.  MacKinnon, C.M., Carter, P.E., Smyth, S.J., Dunbar, B. and Fothergill, J.E. Molecular cloning of cDNA for human complement component C1s. The complete amino acid sequence. Eur. J. Biochem. 169 (1987) 547–553. [DOI] [PMID: 3500856]
2.  Snoke, J.E., Yanari, S. and Bloch, K. Synthesis of glutathione from γ-glutamylcysteine. J. Biol. Chem. 201 (1953) 573–586. [PMID: 13061393]
3.  Mandeles, S. and Bloch, K. Enzymatic synthesis of γ-glutamylcysteine. J. Biol. Chem. 214 (1955) 639–646. [PMID: 14381401]
[EC created 1961]

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