The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: H+-exporting diphosphatase
Reaction: diphosphate + H2O + H+[side 1] = 2 phosphate + H+[side 2]
Other name(s): H+-PPase; proton-pumping pyrophosphatase; vacuolar H+-pyrophosphatase; hydrogen-translocating pyrophosphatase; proton-pumping dihosphatase
Systematic name: diphosphate phosphohydrolase (H+-transporting)
Comments: This enzyme, found in plants and fungi, couples the energy from diphosphate hydrolysis to active proton translocation across the tonoplast into the vacuole. The enzyme acts cooperatively with cytosolic soluble diphosphatases to regulate the cytosolic diphosphate level.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Rea, P.A. and Poole, R.J. Chromatographic resolution of H+-translocating pyrophosphatase from H+-translocating ATPase of higher plant tonoplast. Plant Physiol. 81 (1986) 126–129. [PMID: 16664761]
2.  Sarafian, V. and Poole, R.J. Purification of an H+-translocating inorganic pyrophosphatase from vacuole membranes of red beet. Plant Physiol. 91 (1989) 34–38. [PMID: 16667022]
3.  Hedrich, R., Kurkdjian, A., Guern, J. and Flugge, U.I. Comparative studies on the electrical properties of the H+ translocating ATPase and pyrophosphatase of the vacuolar-lysosomal compartment. EMBO J. 8 (1989) 2835–2841. [PMID: 2479537]
4.  Segami, S., Tomoyama, T., Sakamoto, S., Gunji, S., Fukuda, M., Kinoshita, S., Mitsuda, N., Ferjani, A. and Maeshima, M. Vacuolar H+-pyrophosphatase and cytosolic soluble pyrophosphatases cooperatively regulate pyrophosphate levels in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell 30 (2018) 1040–1061. [PMID: 29691313]
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