The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: Na+/K+-exchanging ATPase
Reaction: ATP + H2O + Na+[side 1] + K+[side 2] = ADP + phosphate + Na+[side 2] + K+[side 1]
Other name(s): (Na+ + K+)-activated ATPase; Na,K-activated ATPase; Na,K-pump; Na+,K+-ATPase; sodium/potassium-transporting ATPase; Na+/K+-exchanging ATPase
Systematic name: ATP phosphohydrolase (P-type, Na+/K+-exchanging)
Comments: A P-type ATPase that undergoes covalent phosphorylation during the transport cycle. This is a plasma membrane enzyme, ubiquitous in animal cells, that catalyses the efflux of three Na+ and influx of two K+ per ATP hydrolysed. It is involved in generating the plasma membrane electrical potential.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, Gene, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Skou, J.C. The influence of some cations on an adenosinetriphosphatase from peripheral nerve. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 23 (1957) 394–401. [DOI] [PMID: 13412736]
2.  Post, R.L., Sen, A.K. and Rosenthal, A.S. A phosphorylated intermediate in adenosine triphosphate-dependent sodium and potassium transport across kidney membrane. J. Biol. Chem. 240 (1965) 1437–1445. [PMID: 14284759]
3.  Skou, J.C. The energy-coupled exchange of Na+ for K+ across the cell membrane. The Na+,K+ pump. FEBS Lett. 268 (1990) 314–324. [DOI] [PMID: 2166689]
4.  Castillo, J.P., Rui, H., Basilio, D., Das, A., Roux, B., Latorre, R., Bezanilla, F. and Holmgren, M. Mechanism of potassium ion uptake by the Na+/K+-ATPase. Nat. Commun. 6:7622 (2015). [PMID: 26205423]
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